1540 in history

1540 events chronologically

Jan 6 King Henry VIII of England marries Anne of Cleves
Mar 23 Waltham Abbey is surrendered to King Henry VIII of England; the last religious community to be closed during the Dissolution of the Monasteries
Jul 9 King Henry VIII of England annuls his marriage to his fourth wife, Anne of Cleves
Jul 28 Thomas Cromwell is executed at the order of Henry VIII of England on charges of treason. Henry marries his fifth wife, Catherine Howard, on the same day
Aug 15 Arequipa, Peru, is founded
Sep 27 The Society of Jesus (the Jesuits) receives its charter from Pope Paul III
Oct 18 Spanish conquistador Hernando de Soto's forces destroy the fortified town of Mabila in present-day Alabama, killing Tuskaloosa

Top 7 most famous people born in 1540

Jan 24 Edmund Campion an English Roman Catholic Jesuit priest and martyr. While conducting an underground ministry in officially Anglican England, Campion was arrested by priest hunters. Convicted of high treason, he was hanged, drawn and quartered at Tyburn. Campion was beatified by Pope Leo XIII in 1886 and canonised in 1970 by Pope Paul VI as one of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales. His feast is celebrated on 1 December
Jan 28 Ludolph van Ceulen a German-Dutch mathematician from Hildesheim. He emigrated to the Netherlands
May 9 Maharana Pratap a Hindu Rajput ruler of Mewar, a region in north-western India in the present day state of Rajasthan. He belonged to the Sisodia clan of Rajputs. In popular Indian culture, Pratap is considered to exemplify qualities like bravery and chivalry to which Rajputs aspire, especially in context of his opposition to the Mughal emperor Akbar
Jun 3 Charles II Archduke of Austria an Archduke of Austria and ruler of Inner Austria from 1564. He was a member of the House of Habsburg
Jul 7 John Sigismund Zápolya King of Hungary from 1540 to 1551 and again from 1556 to 1570. He reigned over the "Eastern Hungarian Kingdom", as historians call the area which recognized as King his father and then him, instead of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria, who ruled western Hungary
Aug 5 Joseph Justus Scaliger a French religious leader and scholar, known for expanding the notion of classical history from Greek and ancient Roman history to include Persian, Babylonian, Jewish and ancient Egyptian history. He spent the end of his life in the Netherlands
Aug 25 Lady Catherine Grey the younger sister of Lady Jane Grey. A granddaughter of Henry VIII's sister Mary, she was a potential successor to her cousin, Queen Elizabeth I of England, but incurred Elizabeth's wrath by her secret marriage to Edward Seymour, 1st Earl of Hertford. Following her arrest when the queen was informed of her clandestine marriage, she lived in captivity until her death, having borne two sons in the Tower of London

Top 7 most famous people died in 1540

Jan 27 Angela Merici an Italian religious leader and saint. She founded the Order of Ursulines in 1535 in Brescia
May 6 Juan Luis Vives a Valencian scholar and humanist who spent most of his entire adult life in the Southern Netherlands. His beliefs on the soul, insight to early medicine practice, and perspective on emotions, memory and learning earned him the title of the "father" of modern psychology. Vives was the first to shed light on some key ideas that established how we perceive psychology today
May 22 Francesco Guicciardini an Italian historian and statesman. A friend and critic of Niccolò Machiavelli, he is considered one of the major political writers of the Italian Renaissance. In his masterpiece, The History of Italy, Guicciardini paved the way for a new style in historiography, with his use of government sources to support arguments and the realistic analysis of the people and events of his time
Jul 22 John Zápolya King of Hungary from 1526 to 1540. His rule was disputed by Archduke Ferdinand I, who also claimed the title King of Hungary. He was Voivode of Transylvania before his coronation
Jul 28 Thomas Cromwell an English lawyer and statesman who served as chief minister to King Henry VIII of England from 1532 to 1540.
Aug 24 Parmigianino an Italian Mannerist painter and printmaker active in Florence, Rome, Bologna, and his native city of Parma. His work is characterized by elongation of form and includes Vision of Saint Jerome and the Madonna with the Long Neck
Nov 14 Rosso Fiorentino an Italian Mannerist painter, in oil and fresco, belonging to the Florentine school.