Died in 1540

Jan 27 Angela Merici an Italian religious leader and saint. She founded the Order of Ursulines in 1535 in Brescia
Mar 30 Matthäus Lang von Wellenburg a statesman of the Holy Roman Empire, a Cardinal and Prince-Archbishop of Salzburg from 1519 to his death.
May 6 Juan Luis Vives a Valencian scholar and humanist who spent most of his entire adult life in the Southern Netherlands. His beliefs on the soul, insight to early medicine practice, and perspective on emotions, memory and learning earned him the title of the "father" of modern psychology. Vives was the first to shed light on some key ideas that established how we perceive psychology today
May 22 Francesco Guicciardini an Italian historian and statesman. A friend and critic of Niccolò Machiavelli, he is considered one of the major political writers of the Italian Renaissance. In his masterpiece, The History of Italy, Guicciardini paved the way for a new style in historiography, with his use of government sources to support arguments and the realistic analysis of the people and events of his time
Jul 22 John Zápolya King of Hungary from 1526 to 1540. His rule was disputed by Archduke Ferdinand I, who also claimed the title King of Hungary. He was Voivode of Transylvania before his coronation
Jul 28 Thomas Cromwell an English lawyer and statesman who served as chief minister to King Henry VIII of England from 1532 to 1540.
Jul 30 Thomas Abel an English priest who was martyred during the reign of Henry VIII. The place and date of his birth are unknown
Jul 30 Robert Barnes (martyr) an English reformer and martyr.
Aug 23 Guillaume Budé a French scholar.
Aug 24 Parmigianino an Italian Mannerist painter and printmaker active in Florence, Rome, Bologna, and his native city of Parma. His work is characterized by elongation of form and includes Vision of Saint Jerome and the Madonna with the Long Neck
Aug 28 Federico II Gonzaga Duke of Mantua the ruler of the Italian city of Mantua from 1519 until his death. He was also Marquis of Montferrat from 1536
Sep 2 Dawit II nəgusä nägäst of Ethiopia. A member of the Solomonic dynasty, he was the son of Emperor Na'od and Queen Na'od Mogasa. The important victory over Adal leader Mahfuz may have given Dawit the title Wanag Segad, which is a combination of Ge'ez and Harari terms
Oct 5 Helius Eobanus Hessus a German Latin poet born at Halgehausen in Hesse-Kassel.
Nov 14 Rosso Fiorentino an Italian Mannerist painter, in oil and fresco, belonging to the Florentine school.