1542 in history

1542 events chronologically

Feb 2 Portuguese forces under Cristovão da Gama capture a Muslim-occupied hill fort in northern Ethiopia in the Battle of Baçente
Feb 13 Catherine Howard, the fifth wife of Henry VIII of England, is executed for adultery
May 6 Francis Xavier reaches Old Goa, the capital of Portuguese India at the time
May 19 The Prome Kingdom falls to the Taungoo Dynasty in present-day Burma
Aug 28 Turkish–Portuguese War (1538–1557): Battle of Wofla: The Portuguese are scattered, their leader Christovão da Gama is captured and later executed
Sep 28 Navigator Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo of Portugal arrives at what is now San Diego, California, United States
Oct 7 Explorer Cabrillo discovers Santa Catalina Island off of the California coast

Top 7 most famous people born in 1542

Mar 19 Jan Zamoyski a Polish-Lithuanian nobleman, magnate, and the 1st ordynat of Zamość. Royal Secretary since 1566, Deputy Kanclerz of the Crown since 1576, Lord Grand-Chancellor of the Crown since 1578, and Grand Hetman of the Crown since 1581. General Starost of Kraków from 1580 to 1585, Starost of Bełz, Międzyrzecz, Krzeszów, Knyszyn and Derpsk. Important advisor to Kings Sigismund II Augustus and Stephen Báthory, he was one of the major opponents of Bathory's successor, Sigismund III Vasa, and one of the most skilled diplomats, politicians and statesmen of his time, standing as a major figure in the politics of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth throughout his life
May 20 Gasparo da Salò the name given to Gasparo di Bertolotti, one of the earliest violin makers and an expert double bass player. Around 80 of his instruments are still in existence: violins , alto and tenor violas, viols, violones and double basses, violas with only a pair of corners, ceteras
Jun 15 Richard Grenville an English sailor who as captain of the Revenge, died at the Battle of Flores , fighting heroically against overwhelming odds, and refusing to surrender his ship to the far more numerous Spanish. He was also a soldier, an Armed Merchant Fleet Owner, Privateer, Colonizer, and explorer. He took part in the early English attempts to settle the New World, and also participated in the fight against the Spanish Armada. His non military offices included Member of Parliament for Cornwall, High Sheriff of County Cork from 1569–70 and Sheriff of Cornwall in 1576–77. He was the grandfather of Sir Bevil Grenville of English Civil War fame, whose son was John Granville, 1st Earl of Bath
Oct 1 Álvaro de Mendaña de Neira a Spanish navigator. Born in Congosto, in León, he was the nephew of Lope García de Castro, viceroy of Peru. He is best known for the two voyages of discovery he led into the Pacific in 1567 and 1595 in search of Terra Australis
Oct 4 Robert Bellarmine an Italian Jesuit and a Cardinal of the Catholic Church. He was one of the most important figures in the Counter-Reformation. He was canonized in 1930 and named a Doctor of the Church. Bellarmine is also widely remembered for his role in the Galileo affair
Oct 14 Akbar Mughal Emperor from 1556 until his death. He was the third and one of the greatest rulers of the Mughal Dynasty in India. Akbar succeeded his father, Humayun, under a regent, Bairam Khan, who helped the young emperor expand and consolidate Mughal domains in India. A strong personality and a successful general, Akbar gradually enlarged the Mughal Empire to include nearly all of the Indian Subcontinent north of the Godavari river. His power and influence, however, extended over the entire country because of Mughal military, political, cultural, and economic dominance. To unify the vast Mughal state, Akbar established a centralised system of administration throughout his empire and adopted a policy of conciliating conquered rulers through marriage and diplomacy. In order to preserve peace and order in a religiously and culturally diverse empire, he adopted policies that won him the support of his non-Muslim subjects. Eschewing tribal bonds and Islamic state identity, Akbar strived to unite far-flung lands of his realm through loyalty, expressed through a Persianised culture, to himself as an emperor who had near-divine status
Dec 2 Ludwig Senfl a Swiss composer of the Renaissance, active in Germany. He was the most famous pupil of Heinrich Isaac, was music director to the court of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, and was an influential figure in the development of the Franco-Flemish polyphonic style in Germany

Top 7 most famous people died in 1542

Feb 13 Catherine Howard Queen of England from 1540 until 1541, as the fifth wife of Henry VIII who referred to her as his "rose without a thorn". Catherine married Henry on 28 July 1540, at Oatlands Palace, in Surrey, almost immediately after the annulment of his marriage to Anne of Cleves was arranged. Catherine was beheaded after less than two years of marriage to Henry on the grounds of treason for committing adultery while married to the King. She was the third of Henry's wives to have been a member of the English gentry instead of European nobility
Feb 13 Jane Boleyn Viscountess Rochford a sister-in-law of King Henry VIII of England. She was the wife of George Boleyn, 2nd Viscount Rochford, brother of Henry's second wife, Anne Boleyn. Jane had a small role in the judgments and subsequent executions of her husband and of two of Henry's wives, and was a lady-in-waiting to a fourth. Lady Jane also served as lady-in-waiting to her cousin-in-law, Henry's fifth wife, Catherine Howard, with whom she was executed
May 21 Hernando de Soto a Spanish explorer and conquistador who led the first European expedition deep into the territory of the modern-day United States , and the first documented European to have crossed the Mississippi River.
Jul 15 Lisa del Giocondo a member of the Gherardini family of Florence and Tuscany in Italy. Her name was given to Mona Lisa, her portrait commissioned by her husband and painted by Leonardo da Vinci during the Italian Renaissance
Aug 24 Gasparo Contarini an Italian diplomat, cardinal and Bishop of Belluno. He was one of the first proponents of the dialogue with Protestants, after the Reformation
Oct 11 Thomas Wyatt (poet) a 16th-century English ambassador and lyrical poet. He is credited with introducing the sonnet into English literature. He was born at Allington Castle, near Maidstone in Kent, though his family was originally from Yorkshire. His mother was Anne Skinner and his father, Henry Wyatt, had been one of Henry VII's Privy Councillors, and remained a trusted adviser when Henry VIII came to the throne in 1509. In his turn, Thomas Wyatt followed his father to court after his education at St John's College, Cambridge. None of Wyatt's poems were published during his lifetime—the first book to feature his verse, Tottel's Miscellany of 1557, was printed a full fifteen years after his death
Dec 14 James V of Scotland King of Scots from 9 September 1513 until his death, which followed the Scottish defeat at the Battle of Solway Moss. His only surviving legitimate child, Mary, succeeded him to the throne when she was just six days old