1542 events in history

Feb 2 Portuguese forces under Cristovão da Gama capture a Muslim-occupied hill fort in northern Ethiopia in the Battle of Baçente
Feb 13 Catherine Howard, the fifth wife of Henry VIII of England, is executed for adultery
May 6 Francis Xavier reaches Old Goa, the capital of Portuguese India at the time
May 19 The Prome Kingdom falls to the Taungoo Dynasty in present-day Burma
Aug 28 Turkish–Portuguese War (1538–1557): Battle of Wofla: The Portuguese are scattered, their leader Christovão da Gama is captured and later executed
Sep 28 Navigator Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo of Portugal arrives at what is now San Diego, California, United States
Oct 7 Explorer Cabrillo discovers Santa Catalina Island off of the California coast
Nov 24 Battle of Solway Moss: An English army defeats a much larger Scottish force near the River Esk in Dumfries and Galloway
Dec 14 Princess Mary Stuart becomes Mary, Queen of Scots