1543 in history

1543 events chronologically

Feb 21 Battle of Wayna Daga – A combined army of Ethiopian and Portuguese troops defeats a Muslim army led by Ahmed Gragn
Jul 7 French troops invade Luxembourg
Jul 12 King Henry VIII of England marries his sixth and last wife, Catherine Parr, at Hampton Court Palace
Sep 9 Mary Stuart, at nine months old, is crowned "Queen of Scots" in the central Scottish town of Stirling

Top 7 most famous people born in 1543

Jan 31 Tokugawa Ieyasu the founder and first shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan, which ruled from the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600 until the Meiji Restoration in 1868. Ieyasu seized power in 1600, received appointment as shogun in 1603, abdicated from office in 1605, but remained in power until his death in 1616. His given name is sometimes spelled Iyeyasu, according to the historical pronunciation of Ieyasu was posthumously enshrined at Nikkō Tōshō-gū with the name Tōshō Daigongen
Feb 18 Charles III Duke of Lorraine Duke of Lorraine from 1545 until his death.
Feb 25 Sharaf Khan Bidlisi a medieval Kurdish emir and a politician from the Emirate of Bitlis.
Apr 1 François de Bonne Duke of Lesdiguières soldier of the French Wars of Religion and Constable of France.
Jun 29 Christine of Hesse Duchess consort of Holstein-Gottorp as the spouse of Duke Adolf of Holstein-Gottorp. She exerted some political influence as a widow after 1586
Sep 14 Claudio Acquaviva Very Rev. Claudio Acquaviva, S.J. was an Italian Jesuit priest elected in 1581 the 5th Superior General of the Society of Jesus. He is often referred to as the second founder of the Jesuit Order. Some older texts, including those illustrated in this article, spell his name Aquaviva
Nov 8 Lettice Knollys an English noblewoman and mother to the courtiers Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex and Lady Penelope Rich, although via her marriage to Elizabeth I's favourite, Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, she incurred the Queen's unrelenting displeasure.

Top 7 most famous people died in 1543

Jan 3 Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo a Portuguese explorer noted for his exploration of the west coast of North America on behalf of Spain. Cabrillo was the first European explorer to navigate the coast of present day California in the United States
Feb 13 Johann Eck a German Scholastic theologian and defender of Catholicism during the Protestant Reformation.
Feb 21 Ahmad ibn Ibrahim al-Ghazi a Somali Imam and General of the Adal Sultanate who invaded Abyssinia and defeated several Abyssinian emperors. With the help of an army mainly composed of Somalis, Imam Ahmad , embarked on a conquest which brought three-quarters of Abyssinia under the power of the Muslim Sultanate of Adal during the Abyssinian-Adal War from 1529-43
May 24 Nicolaus Copernicus a Renaissance mathematician and astronomer who formulated a model of the universe that placed the Sun rather than the Earth at its center. The publication of this model in his book De revolutionibus orbium coelestium just before his death in 1543 is considered a major event in the history of science, triggering the Copernican Revolution and making an important contribution to the Scientific Revolution
Jun 19 Mary Boleyn the sister of English queen consort Anne Boleyn and a member of the Boleyn family, which enjoyed considerable influence during the reign of King Henry VIII of England. Some historians claim she was Anne's younger sister, but her children believed Mary was the elder, as do most historians today
Aug 10 Ludwig Senfl a Swiss composer of the Renaissance, active in Germany. He was the most famous pupil of Heinrich Isaac, was music director to the court of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, and was an influential figure in the development of the Franco-Flemish polyphonic style in Germany
Nov 29 Hans Holbein the Younger a German artist and printmaker who worked in a Northern Renaissance style. He is best known as one of the greatest portraitists of the 16th century. He also produced religious art, satire, and Reformation propaganda, and made a significant contribution to the history of book design. He is called "the Younger" to distinguish him from his father, Hans Holbein the Elder, an accomplished painter of the Late Gothic school