1544 in history

1544 events chronologically

Apr 11 French forces defeat a Spanish army at the Battle of Ceresole
Jul 19 Italian War of 1542–46: the first Siege of Boulogne begins

Top 7 most famous people born in 1544

Jan 19 Francis II of France a monarch of the House of Valois-Angoulême who was King of France from 1559 to 1560. He was also King consort of Scotland as a result of his marriage to Mary, Queen of Scots, from 1558 until his death
Jan 24 Gillis van Coninxloo a Flemish painter of landscapes who played an important role in the development of Northern landscape art at the turn of the 17th century. He spent the last 20 years of his life abroad, first in in Germany and later in the Dutch Republic
Mar 11 Torquato Tasso an Italian poet of the 16th century, best known for his poem La Gerusalemme liberata , in which he depicts a highly imaginative version of the combats between Christians and Muslims at the end of the First Crusade, during the siege of Jerusalem. He suffered from mental illness and died a few days before he was due to be crowned as the king of poets by the Pope. Until the beginning of the 20th century, Tasso remained one of the most widely read poets in Europe
Apr 20 Renata of Lorraine Duchess of Bavaria from 1568 to 1597.
May 24 William Gilbert (astronomer) an English physician, physicist and natural philosopher. He passionately rejected both the prevailing Aristotelian philosophy and the Scholastic method of university teaching. He is remembered today largely for his book De Magnete , and is credited as one of the originators of the term "electricity". He is regarded by some as the father of electrical engineering or electricity and magnetism
Aug 9 Bogislaw XIII Duke of Pomerania a prince of Stettin and Wolgast, and a member of the Griffins.
Dec 23 Anna of Saxony the heiress of Maurice, Elector of Saxony, and Agnes, eldest daughter of Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse. Maurice's only son, Albert, died in infancy. Anna was the second wife of William the Silent

Top 7 most famous people died in 1544

Mar 22 Johannes Magnus the last functioning Catholic Archbishop in Sweden, and also a theologian, genealogist, and historian.
Apr 4 Ruy López de Villalobos a Spanish explorer who sailed the Pacific from Mexico to establish a permanent foothold for Spain in the East Indies, which was near the Line of Demarcation between Spain and Portugal according to the Treaty of Saragossa in 1529. Villalobos gave the Philippines their name, after calling them Las Islas Filipinas in honor of Philip of Austria, the Prince of Asturias at the time, who later became Philip II of Spain. In 1542 he also discovered a Pacific group of islands, most likely Hawaii, but the Spaniard kept the discovery secret
Jun 14 Antoine Duke of Lorraine Duke of Lorraine from 1508 until his death in 1544.
Sep 12 Clément Marot a French poet of the Renaissance period.
Sep 25 Valerius Cordus a German physician and botanist who authored one of the greatest pharmacopoeias and one of the most celebrated herbals in history. He is also widely credited with developing a method for synthesizing ether
Nov 29 Jungjong of Joseon now Korea. He succeeded his half-brother, Yeonsangun, because of the latter's tyrannical misrule, which culminated in a coup placing Jungjong on the throne
Dec 9 Teofilo Folengo one of the principal Italian macaronic poets.