Died in 1544

Mar 16 Louis V Elector Palatine a member of the Wittelsbach dynasty was prince elector of the Palatinate. His parents were Philip, Elector Palatine, and Margaret, a daughter of Louis IX, Duke of Bavaria-Landshut
Mar 22 Johannes Magnus the last functioning Catholic Archbishop in Sweden, and also a theologian, genealogist, and historian.
Apr 4 Ruy López de Villalobos a Spanish explorer who sailed the Pacific from Mexico to establish a permanent foothold for Spain in the East Indies, which was near the Line of Demarcation between Spain and Portugal according to the Treaty of Saragossa in 1529. Villalobos gave the Philippines their name, after calling them Las Islas Filipinas in honor of Philip of Austria, the Prince of Asturias at the time, who later became Philip II of Spain. In 1542 he also discovered a Pacific group of islands, most likely Hawaii, but the Spaniard kept the discovery secret
Apr 30 Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley of Walden an English barrister and judge who served as Lord Chancellor of England from 1533 to 1544.
Jun 14 Antoine Duke of Lorraine Duke of Lorraine from 1508 until his death in 1544.
Jun 23 Artemius of Verkola a child saint venerated in the Russian Orthodox Church.
Jul 15 René of Chalon a Prince of Orange and stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht and Gelre.
Sep 12 Clément Marot a French poet of the Renaissance period.
Sep 25 Valerius Cordus a German physician and botanist who authored one of the greatest pharmacopoeias and one of the most celebrated herbals in history. He is also widely credited with developing a method for synthesizing ether
Nov 29 Jungjong of Joseon now Korea. He succeeded his half-brother, Yeonsangun, because of the latter's tyrannical misrule, which culminated in a coup placing Jungjong on the throne
Dec 9 Teofilo Folengo one of the principal Italian macaronic poets.