1545 in history

1545 events chronologically

Mar 15 First meeting of the Council of Trent
Apr 1 Potosí is founded after the discovery of major silver deposits in the area
Jul 19 The Tudor warship Mary Rose sinks off Portsmouth; in 1982 the wreck is salvaged in one of the most complex and expensive projects in the history of maritime archaeology
Jul 21 The first landing of French troops on the coast of the Isle of Wight during the French invasion of the Isle of Wight
Dec 13 The Council of Trent begins

Top 7 most famous people born in 1545

Jan 11 Guidobaldo del Monte an Italian mathematician, philosopher and astronomer of the 16th century.
Mar 2 Thomas Bodley an English diplomat and scholar, founder of the Bodleian Library, Oxford.
Apr 2 Elisabeth of Valois a Spanish queen consort. The eldest daughter of Henry II of France and Catherine de' Medici, she married Philip II of Spain as his third wife
Apr 28 Yi Sun-sin well-respected for his exemplary conduct on and off the battlefield not only by Koreans, but by Japanese Admirals as well. Military historians have placed General Yi Sun-Shin on par with Admiral Horatio Nelson as arguably the greatest naval commander in history for his undefeated record against seemingly insurmountable odds despite no background in naval training. His title of Samdo Sugun Tongjesa , literally meaning "Naval Commander of the Three Provinces," was the title for the commander of the Korean navy until 1896
Jul 8 Carlos Prince of Asturias the eldest son and heir-apparent of King Philip II of Spain. His mother was Maria Manuela of Portugal, daughter of John III of Portugal. Carlos was mentally unstable and was imprisoned by his father in early 1568, dying after half a year of solitary confinement. His fate was a theme in Spain's Black Legend, and inspired a play by Friedrich Schiller and an opera by Giuseppe Verdi
Aug 27 Alexander Farnese Duke of Parma Duke of Parma and Piacenza from 1586 to 1592, and Governor of the Spanish Netherlands from 1578 to 1592. He is best known for his successful campaign 1578-1592 against the Dutch Revolt, in which he captured the main cities in the south and returned them to the control of Catholic Spain. His talents as a field commander, strategician and organizer generally earned him the regard of his contemporaries and military historians as the first captain of his age
Dec 7 Henry Stuart Lord Darnley king consort of Scotland from 1565 until his murder at Kirk o' Field in 1567. Many contemporary narratives describing his life and death refer to him as Lord Darnley, his title as heir apparent to the Earldom of Lennox, and it is by this appellation that he is now generally known

Top 7 most famous people died in 1545

Apr 10 Costanzo Festa an Italian composer of the Renaissance. While he is best known for his madrigals, he also wrote sacred vocal music. He was the first native Italian polyphonist of international renown, and with Philippe Verdelot, one of the first to write madrigals, in the infancy of that most popular of all sixteenth-century Italian musical forms
May 22 Sher Shah Suri the founder of the Sur Empire in North India, with its capital at Delhi. An ethnic Pashtun, Sher Shah took control of the Mughal Empire in 1540. After his accidental death in 1545, his son Islam Shah became his successor. He first served as a private before rising to become a commander in the Mughal army under Babur and then as the governor of Bihar. In 1537, when Babur's son Humayun was elsewhere on an expedition, Sher Khan overran the state of Bengal and established the Sur dynasty. A brilliant strategist, Sher Shah proved himself a gifted administrator as well as an able general. His reorganization of the empire laid the foundations for the later Mughal emperors, notably Akbar the Great, son of Humayun
Jun 15 Elizabeth of Austria (1526–1545) the eldest of fifteen children of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor, and his wife Anna of Bohemia and Hungary. A member of the House of Habsburg, she was married off to Sigismund II Augustus, who was already crowned as King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania even though both of his parents were still alive and well. The marriage was short and unhappy. Elizabeth was of frail health, suffering from epileptic seizures, and died at age 18
Jul 12 Maria Manuela Princess of Portugal the eldest daughter and second child of King John III of Portugal and his wife Catherine of Austria. She was Princess of Asturias as the first wife of the future Philip II of Spain, and Princess of Portugal as heir presumptive to the Portuguese throne between 1527 and 1535
Aug 22 Charles Brandon 1st Duke of Suffolk the son of Sir William Brandon and Elizabeth Bruyn. Through his third wife Mary Tudor he was brother-in-law to Henry VIII. His father was the standard-bearer of Henry Tudor, Earl of Richmond and was slain by Richard III in person at the battle of Bosworth Field. Suffolk died of unknown causes at Guildford
Sep 24 Albert of Mainz Elector and Archbishop of Mainz from 1514 to 1545, and Archbishop of Magdeburg from 1513 to 1545.
Oct 18 John Taverner an English composer and organist, regarded as one of the most important English composers of his era.