Born in 1545

Jan 11 Guidobaldo del Monte an Italian mathematician, philosopher and astronomer of the 16th century.
Feb 14 Lucrezia de' Medici Duchess of Ferrara the daughter of Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, and Eleanor of Toledo.
Feb 24 John of Austria
Mar 2 Thomas Bodley an English diplomat and scholar, founder of the Bodleian Library, Oxford.
Mar 18 Julius Echter von Mespelbrunn a Prince-Bishop of Würzburg, Echter was born in Mespelbrunn Castle, Spessart and died in Würzburg.
Mar 25 John II Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg a Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg.
Apr 2 Elisabeth of Valois a Spanish queen consort. The eldest daughter of Henry II of France and Catherine de' Medici, she married Philip II of Spain as his third wife
Apr 28 Yi Sun-sin well-respected for his exemplary conduct on and off the battlefield not only by Koreans, but by Japanese Admirals as well. Military historians have placed General Yi Sun-Shin on par with Admiral Horatio Nelson as arguably the greatest naval commander in history for his undefeated record against seemingly insurmountable odds despite no background in naval training. His title of Samdo Sugun Tongjesa , literally meaning "Naval Commander of the Three Provinces," was the title for the commander of the Korean navy until 1896
Jul 8 Carlos Prince of Asturias the eldest son and heir-apparent of King Philip II of Spain. His mother was Maria Manuela of Portugal, daughter of John III of Portugal. Carlos was mentally unstable and was imprisoned by his father in early 1568, dying after half a year of solitary confinement. His fate was a theme in Spain's Black Legend, and inspired a play by Friedrich Schiller and an opera by Giuseppe Verdi
Aug 1 Andrew Melville a Scottish scholar, theologian and religious reformer. His fame encouraged scholars from the European Continent to study at Glasgow and Andrews
Aug 27 Alexander Farnese Duke of Parma Duke of Parma and Piacenza from 1586 to 1592, and Governor of the Spanish Netherlands from 1578 to 1592. He is best known for his successful campaign 1578-1592 against the Dutch Revolt, in which he captured the main cities in the south and returned them to the control of Catholic Spain. His talents as a field commander, strategician and organizer generally earned him the regard of his contemporaries and military historians as the first captain of his age
Sep 29 Giovanni de' Medici (cardinal) an Italian cardinal.
Nov 25 Ana de Jesús a Spanish Discalced Carmelite nun and writer. She was a close companion of Teresa of Avila, foundress of the Carmelite reform and served to establish new monasteries of the Order throughout Europe. Known as a mystic and for her writings on prayer, she has been declared Venerable by the Catholic Church
Dec 7 Henry Stuart Lord Darnley king consort of Scotland from 1565 until his murder at Kirk o' Field in 1567. Many contemporary narratives describing his life and death refer to him as Lord Darnley, his title as heir apparent to the Earldom of Lennox, and it is by this appellation that he is now generally known