Died in 1545

Jan 16 George Spalatin the pseudonym taken by Georg Burkhardt , an important German figure in the history of the Reformation.
Apr 4 Walter von Cronberg the 38th Grand Master of the Teutonic Order, serving from 1527 to 1543.
Apr 10 Costanzo Festa an Italian composer of the Renaissance. While he is best known for his madrigals, he also wrote sacred vocal music. He was the first native Italian polyphonist of international renown, and with Philippe Verdelot, one of the first to write madrigals, in the infancy of that most popular of all sixteenth-century Italian musical forms
Apr 22 Louis X Duke of Bavaria Duke of Bavaria , together with his older brother William IV, Duke of Bavaria. His parents were Albert IV and Kunigunde of Austria, a daughter of Emperor Frederick III
May 22 Sher Shah Suri the founder of the Sur Empire in North India, with its capital at Delhi. An ethnic Pashtun, Sher Shah took control of the Mughal Empire in 1540. After his accidental death in 1545, his son Islam Shah became his successor. He first served as a private before rising to become a commander in the Mughal army under Babur and then as the governor of Bihar. In 1537, when Babur's son Humayun was elsewhere on an expedition, Sher Khan overran the state of Bengal and established the Sur dynasty. A brilliant strategist, Sher Shah proved himself a gifted administrator as well as an able general. His reorganization of the empire laid the foundations for the later Mughal emperors, notably Akbar the Great, son of Humayun
Jun 15 Elizabeth of Austria (1526–1545) the eldest of fifteen children of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor, and his wife Anna of Bohemia and Hungary. A member of the House of Habsburg, she was married off to Sigismund II Augustus, who was already crowned as King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania even though both of his parents were still alive and well. The marriage was short and unhappy. Elizabeth was of frail health, suffering from epileptic seizures, and died at age 18
Jun 19 Abraomas Kulvietis a Lithuanian jurist and a professor at Königsberg Albertina University, as well as a reformer of the church.
Jul 12 Maria Manuela Princess of Portugal the eldest daughter and second child of King John III of Portugal and his wife Catherine of Austria. She was Princess of Asturias as the first wife of the future Philip II of Spain, and Princess of Portugal as heir presumptive to the Portuguese throne between 1527 and 1535
Aug 22 Charles Brandon 1st Duke of Suffolk the son of Sir William Brandon and Elizabeth Bruyn. Through his third wife Mary Tudor he was brother-in-law to Henry VIII. His father was the standard-bearer of Henry Tudor, Earl of Richmond and was slain by Richard III in person at the battle of Bosworth Field. Suffolk died of unknown causes at Guildford
Aug 27 Piotr Gamrat Archbishop of Gniezno and Primate of Poland.
Sep 9 Charles II de Valois Duke of Orléans the third son of Francis I and Claude of France.
Sep 24 Albert of Mainz Elector and Archbishop of Mainz from 1514 to 1545, and Archbishop of Magdeburg from 1513 to 1545.
Oct 18 John Taverner an English composer and organist, regarded as one of the most important English composers of his era.