1546 in history

1546 events chronologically

Jan 23 Having published nothing for eleven years, François Rabelais publishes the Tiers Livre, his sequel to Gargantua and Pantagruel

Top 7 most famous people born in 1546

Jan 27 Joachim III Frederick Elector of Brandenburg Prince-elector of the Margraviate of Brandenburg from 1598 until his death.
Mar 21 Bartholomeus Spranger a Flemish painter, draughtsman, sculptor and etcher who became a painter to the imperial court in Prague. His unique style combining elements of Netherlandish painting and Italian influences, in particular the Roman Mannerists, had an important influence on other artists in Prague and beyond
Jun 24 Robert Persons an English Jesuit priest. He was a major figure in establishing the 16th-century "English Mission" of the Society of Jesus
Jul 4 Murad III the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1574 until his death in 1595.
Aug 31 Daniel Adam z Veleslavína a Czech lexicographer, publisher, translator, and writer.
Dec 14 Tycho Brahe a Danish nobleman known for his accurate and comprehensive astronomical and planetary observations. He was born in Scania, then part of Denmark, now part of modern-day Sweden. Tycho was well known in his lifetime as an astronomer, astrologer and alchemist, and has been described more recently as "the first competent mind in modern astronomy to feel ardently the passion for exact empirical facts."
Dec 22 Kuroda Yoshitaka a Japanese daimyo of the late Sengoku through early Edo periods. Renowned as a man of great ambition, he was a chief strategist and an adviser to Toyotomi Hideyoshi

Top 7 most famous people died in 1546

Feb 18 Martin Luther a German friar, Catholic priest, professor of theology and seminal figure of the 16th-century movement in Christianity known later as the Protestant Reformation. Initially an Augustinian friar, Luther came to reject several teachings and practices of the Roman Catholic Church. He strongly disputed the claim that freedom from God's punishment for sin could be purchased with money. He confronted indulgence salesman Johann Tetzel, a Dominican friar, with his Ninety-Five Theses in 1517. His refusal to retract all of his writings at the demand of Pope Leo X in 1520 and the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V at the Diet of Worms in 1521 resulted in his excommunication by the Pope and condemnation as an outlaw by the Emperor
May 29 David Beaton Archbishop of St Andrews and the last Scottish Cardinal prior to the Reformation.
Jul 4 Hayreddin Barbarossa an Ottoman admiral of the fleet who was born in the Ottoman island of Midilli and died in Constantinople , the Ottoman capital. Barbarossa's naval victories secured Ottoman dominance over the Mediterranean during the mid 16th century, from the Battle of Preveza in 1538 until the Battle of Lepanto in 1571
Jul 16 Anne Askew an English poet and Protestant who was condemned as a heretic. She is the only woman on record known to have been both tortured in the Tower of London and burnt at the stake. She is also one of the earliest female poets to compose in the English language and the first Englishwoman to demand a divorce
Aug 2 Peter Faber the first Jesuit priest and theologian, who was also a co-founder of the Society of Jesus. Pope Francis announced his canonization on 17 December 2013
Aug 3 Antonio da Sangallo the Younger an Italian architect active during the Renaissance.
Nov 1 Giulio Romano an Italian painter and architect. A pupil of Raphael, his stylistic deviations from high Renaissance classicism help define the 16th-century style known as Mannerism. Giulio's drawings have long been treasured by collectors; contemporary prints of them engraved by Marcantonio Raimondi were a significant contribution to the spread of 16th-century Italian style throughout Europe