Born in 1546

Jan 27 Joachim III Frederick Elector of Brandenburg Prince-elector of the Margraviate of Brandenburg from 1598 until his death.
Feb 1 Mogami Yoshiaki a daimyō of the Yamagata domain in Dewa Province, in the late Sengoku period and early Edo period.
Mar 21 Bartholomeus Spranger a Flemish painter, draughtsman, sculptor and etcher who became a painter to the imperial court in Prague. His unique style combining elements of Netherlandish painting and Italian influences, in particular the Roman Mannerists, had an important influence on other artists in Prague and beyond
Jun 13 Tobias Matthew an English Archbishop of York.
Jun 24 Robert Persons an English Jesuit priest. He was a major figure in establishing the 16th-century "English Mission" of the Society of Jesus
Jul 4 Murad III the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1574 until his death in 1595.
Aug 31 Daniel Adam z Veleslavína a Czech lexicographer, publisher, translator, and writer.
Dec 14 Tycho Brahe a Danish nobleman known for his accurate and comprehensive astronomical and planetary observations. He was born in Scania, then part of Denmark, now part of modern-day Sweden. Tycho was well known in his lifetime as an astronomer, astrologer and alchemist, and has been described more recently as "the first competent mind in modern astronomy to feel ardently the passion for exact empirical facts."
Dec 22 Kuroda Yoshitaka a Japanese daimyo of the late Sengoku through early Edo periods. Renowned as a man of great ambition, he was a chief strategist and an adviser to Toyotomi Hideyoshi