Born in 1547

Jan 24 Joanna of Austria Grand Duchess of Tuscany born an Archduchess of Austria as the youngest daughter of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor, and Anna of Bohemia and Hungary. By marriage, she was the Grand Princess of Tuscany and later the Grand Duchess of Tuscany. One of her daughters was Marie de Medici, second wife of King Henry IV of France
Feb 18 Bahāʾ al-dīn al-ʿĀmilī a scholar, philosopher, architect, mathematician, astronomer and a poet in 16th-century Iran. He was born in Baalbek which is a part of ancient Jabal Amel region in south Lebanon but immigrated in his childhood to Safavid Iran with his father. He was one of the earliest astronomers in the Islamic world to suggest the possibility of the Earth's movement prior to the spread of the Copernican theory. He is considered one of the main co-founders of Isfahan School of Islamic Philosophy. In later years he became one of the teachers of Mulla Sadra
Mar 1 Rudolph Goclenius a German scholastic philosopher who lived from March 1, 1547 to June 8, 1628. Gockel’s main contribution to science was his invention of the term “psychology” in 1590. Gockel also had extensive backing and significant contributions to the field of ontology. He extended on many ideas from Aristotle, such as both the introduction of ontology and metaphysics. Several of Gockel’s ideas were published and built upon by later philosophers. To this day, Gockel’s main contribution remains his terming of “psychology.”
Mar 7 Satake Yoshishige a Japanese daimyo of the Sengoku period. He was the 18th generation head of the Satake clan. He was renowned for his ferocity in battle; he was also known by the nickname of "Ogre Yoshishige". He often fought against the Late Hōjō clan, who were extending their power into southern Hitachi. One such encounter was the Battle of Numajiri, where 20,000 men under Yoshishige fought 80,000 Hojo troops. The Satake won, due in part to the use of over 8600 matchlock rifles by their troops
Mar 16 François Vatable a French humanist scholar, a Hellenist and Hebraist.
Jun 28 Cristofano Malvezzi an Italian organist and composer of the late Renaissance. He was one of the most famous composers in the city of Florence during a time of transition to the Baroque style
Jul 5 Garzia de' Medici the son of Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany and Eleonora di Toledo. He was the subject of a famous painting by Bronzino when he was an infant. He was born in Florence and died of malaria along with his mother while traveling to Pisa, a few days after his brother Giovanni also died of the disease
Sep 10 George I Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt from 1567 to 1596.
Sep 14 Johan van Oldenbarnevelt a Dutch statesman who played an important role in the Dutch struggle for independence from Spain.
Sep 22 Philipp Nicodemus Frischlin parish minister.
Sep 24 Faizi a poet and scholar of late medieval India. In 1588, he became the Malik-ush-Shu'ara of Akbar's Court. He was the elder brother of Akbar's historian Abul Fazl. Akbar highly recognised the genius in him and appointed him tutor for his sons and gave place to him among his decorative 'Navaratnas'
Sep 29 Miguel de Cervantes a Spanish novelist, poet, and playwright.
Oct 2 Philipp Ludwig Count Palatine of Neuburg the Duke of Palatinate-Neuburg from 1569 until 1614.
Oct 18 Justus Lipsius a Flemish philologist and humanist. Lipsius wrote a series of works designed to revive ancient Stoicism in a form that would be compatible with Christianity. The most famous of these is De Constantia. His form of Stoicism influenced a number of contemporary thinkers, creating the intellectual movement of Neostoicism. He taught at the universities in Jena, Leiden and Leuven
Nov 12 Claude of Valois the second daughter of King Henry II of France and Catherine de' Medici.
Nov 26 Nicolaus Taurellus a German philosopher and theologian.
Dec 5 Ubbo Emmius a German historian and geographer.