1550 in history

1550 events chronologically

Mar 12 Several hundred Spanish and indigenous troops under the command of Pedro de Valdivia defeat an army of 60,000 Mapuche at the Battle of Penco during the Arauco War in present-day Chile
Jun 12 The city of Helsinki, Finland (belonging to Sweden at the time) is founded by King Gustav I of Sweden
Oct 5 Foundation of Concepción, city in Chile

Top 7 most famous people born in 1550

Apr 12 Edward de Vere 17th Earl of Oxford an English peer and courtier of the Elizabethan era. Oxford was heir to the second oldest earldom in the kingdom, a court favourite for a time, a sought-after patron of the arts, and noted by his contemporaries as a lyric poet and playwright, but his reckless and volatile temperament precluded him from attaining any courtly or governmental responsibility and contributed to the dissipation of his estate. Since the 1920s he has been the most popular alternative candidate proposed for the authorship of Shakespeare's works
May 25 Camillus de Lellis an Italian priest who founded a religious Order dedicated to the care of the sick.
Jun 27 Charles IX of France a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 1560 until his death. He ascended the throne of France upon the death of his brother Francis II
Oct 4 Charles IX of Sweden King of Sweden from 1604 until his death. He was the youngest son of King Gustav I of Sweden and his second wife, Margaret Leijonhufvud, brother of Eric XIV and John III, and uncle of Sigismund I/III, king of both Sweden and Poland. By his father's will he got, by way of appanage, the Duchy of Södermanland, which included the provinces of Närke and Värmland; but he did not come into actual possession of them till after the fall of Eric and the succession to the throne of John in 1568
Oct 28 Stanislaus Kostka a Polish novice of the Society of Jesus. In the Catholic Church he is venerated as Saint Stanislaus Kostka
Dec 22 Cesare Cremonini (philosopher) an Italian professor of natural philosophy, working rationalism and Aristotelian materialism inside scholasticism. He signed his Latin texts Cæsar Cremoninus , or Cæsar Cremonius
Dec 31 Henry I Duke of Guise the eldest son of Francis, Duke of Guise, and Anna d'Este. His maternal grandparents were Ercole II d'Este, Duke of Ferrara, and Renée of France. Through his maternal grandfather, he was a descendant of Lucrezia Borgia and Pope Alexander VI

Top 7 most famous people died in 1550

Jan 12 Andrea Alciato an Italian jurist and writer. He is regarded as the founder of the French school of legal humanists
Mar 8 John of God a Portuguese-born soldier turned health-care worker in Spain, whose followers later formed the Brothers Hospitallers of John of God, a worldwide Catholic religious institute dedicated to the care of the poor sick and those suffering from mental disorders. He has been declared a saint by the Catholic Church, and is considered one of Spain's leading religious figures
Apr 12 Claude Duke of Guise a French aristocrat and general. He became the first Duke of Guise in 1528
Apr 30 Tabinshwehti king of Toungoo Dynasty of Burma from 1530 to 1550, and the founder of Toungoo Empire. His military campaigns created the largest kingdom in Burma since the fall of Pagan Empire in 1287. His administratively fragile kingdom proved to be the impetus for the eventual reunification of the entire country by his successor and brother-in-law Bayinnaung
Nov 7 Jón Arason an Icelandic Roman Catholic bishop and poet, who was executed in his struggle against the imposition of the Protestant Reform in Iceland.
Dec 6 Pieter Coecke van Aelst a Flemish painter appointed court painter to Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, in 1534.
Dec 8 Gian Giorgio Trissino an Italian Renaissance humanist, poet, dramatist, diplomat, and grammarian.