1552 in history

1552 events chronologically

Mar 26 Guru Amar Das becomes the Third Sikh Guru
Oct 2 Conquest of Kazan by Ivan the Terrible

Top 7 most famous people born in 1552

Jan 22 Walter Raleigh an English aristocrat, writer, poet, soldier, politician, courtier, spy, and explorer and cousin to Sir Richard Grenville. He is also well known for popularising tobacco in England
Feb 1 Edward Coke considered to be the greatest jurist of the Elizabethan and Jacobean eras. Born into a middle-class family, Coke was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge before leaving to study at the Inner Temple, where he was called to the Bar on 20 April 1578. As a barrister he took part in several notable cases, including Slade's Case, before earning enough political favour to be elected to Parliament, where he served first as Solicitor General and then as Speaker of the House of Commons. Following a promotion to Attorney General he led the prosecution in several notable cases, including those against Robert Devereux, Sir Walter Raleigh and the Gunpowder Plot conspirators. As a reward for his services he was first knighted and then made Chief Justice of the Common Pleas
Feb 8 Agrippa d'Aubigné a French poet, soldier, propagandist and chronicler. His epic poem Les Tragiques is widely regarded as his masterpiece
Jul 18 Rudolf II Holy Roman Emperor Holy Roman Emperor , King of Hungary and Croatia , King of Bohemia and Archduke of Austria. He was a member of the House of Habsburg
Sep 17 Pope Paul V Pope from 16 May 1605 to his death in 1621.
Sep 22 Vasili IV of Russia Tsar of Russia between 1606 and 1610 after the murder of False Dmitriy His reign fell during the Time of Troubles. He was the only member of House of Shuysky to become Tsar and the last member of the Rurikid dynasty to rule
Oct 6 Matteo Ricci S.J. was an Italian Jesuit priest and one of the founding figures of the Jesuit China missions. His 1602 map of the world in Chinese characters introduced the findings of European exploration to East Asia. Within Roman Catholicism, he is considered a Servant of God

Top 7 most famous people died in 1552

Jan 22 Edward Seymour 1st Duke of Somerset Lord Protector of England during the minority of his nephew King Edward VI , in the period between the death of King Henry VIII in 1547 and his own indictment in 1549.
Jan 29 Francysk Skaryna a Belarusian humanist, physician, translator and one of the first book printers in Eastern Europe, laying the groundwork for the development of the Belarusian language.
Mar 28 Guru Angad the second of the ten Sikh Gurus. He was born in the village of Sarae Naga in Muktsar District in Punjab on 31 March 1504. The name Lehna was given shortly after his birth as was the custom of his Hindu parents. He was the son of a small but successful trader named Pheru Mal. His mother's name was Mata Ramo. Baba Narayan Das Trehan was the Guru's Grandfather, whose ancestral house was at Matte-di-Sarai near Muktsar
Apr 18 John Leland (antiquary) an English poet and antiquary.
Apr 21 Petrus Apianus a German humanist, known for his works in mathematics, astronomy and cartography.
Dec 3 Francis Xavier a Roman Catholic missionary born in Xavier, Kingdom of Navarre , and co-founder of the Society of Jesus. He was a study companion of Ignatius of Loyola and one of the first seven Jesuits who took vows of poverty and chastity at Montmartre, in 1534. He led an extensive mission into Asia, mainly in the Portuguese Empire of the time. He was influential in evangelization work most notably in India. He also ventured into Japan, Borneo, the Maluku Islands, and other areas which had, until then, not been visited by Christian missionaries. In these areas, being a pioneer and struggling to learn the local languages in the face of opposition, he had less success than he had enjoyed in India. It was a goal of Xavier to extend his missionary preaching to China but he died in Shangchuan Island shortly before doing so
Dec 20 Katharina von Bora the wife of Martin Luther, German leader of the Protestant Reformation. Beyond what is found in the writings of Luther and some of his contemporaries, little is known about her. Despite this, Katharina is often considered one of the most important participants of the Reformation because of her role in helping to define Protestant family life and setting the tone for clergy marriages