Died in 1552

Jan 10 Johann Cochlaeus a German humanist and controversialist.
Jan 22 Edward Seymour 1st Duke of Somerset Lord Protector of England during the minority of his nephew King Edward VI , in the period between the death of King Henry VIII in 1547 and his own indictment in 1549.
Jan 29 Francysk Skaryna a Belarusian humanist, physician, translator and one of the first book printers in Eastern Europe, laying the groundwork for the development of the Belarusian language.
Feb 6 Henry V Duke of Mecklenburg the reigning Duke of Mecklenburg in the region Mecklenburg-Schwerin, the son of Duke Magnus II and Sophie of Pomerania-Stettin.
Feb 26 Heinrich Faber a German music theorist, composer, and Kantor.
Mar 28 Guru Angad the second of the ten Sikh Gurus. He was born in the village of Sarae Naga in Muktsar District in Punjab on 31 March 1504. The name Lehna was given shortly after his birth as was the custom of his Hindu parents. He was the son of a small but successful trader named Pheru Mal. His mother's name was Mata Ramo. Baba Narayan Das Trehan was the Guru's Grandfather, whose ancestral house was at Matte-di-Sarai near Muktsar
Apr 14 Laurentius Andreae acknowledged as one of his country's preeminent intellectual figures during the first half of the 16th century. In his time he was most renowned as one of the main proponents of the Swedish Protestant reformation of 1523-31
Apr 18 John Leland (antiquary) an English poet and antiquary.
Apr 19 Olaus Petri a clergyman, writer, judge and major contributor to the Protestant Reformation in Sweden. His brother, Laurentius Petri , became the first Evangelical Lutheran Archbishop of Sweden
Apr 21 Petrus Apianus a German humanist, known for his works in mathematics, astronomy and cartography.
May 26 Sebastian Münster a German cartographer, cosmographer, and a Christian Hebraist scholar. His work, the Cosmographia from 1544, was the earliest German description of the world
Jun 10 Alexander Barclay an English/Scottish poet.
Jul 21 Antonio de Mendoza the first viceroy of New Spain, serving from April 17, 1535 to November 25, 1550, and the second viceroy of Peru, from September 23, 1551, to July 21, 1552.
Aug 2 Basil Fool for Christ a Russian Orthodox saint of the type known as yurodivy or "holy fool for Christ".
Aug 15 Hermann of Wied the Archbishop-Elector of Cologne from 1515 to 1546.
Sep 1 Ştefan VI Rareş ruler of Moldavia in 1551 and 1552.
Oct 14 Oswald Myconius a follower of Huldrych Zwingli.
Oct 17 Andreas Osiander a German Lutheran theologian.
Dec 3 Francis Xavier a Roman Catholic missionary born in Xavier, Kingdom of Navarre , and co-founder of the Society of Jesus. He was a study companion of Ignatius of Loyola and one of the first seven Jesuits who took vows of poverty and chastity at Montmartre, in 1534. He led an extensive mission into Asia, mainly in the Portuguese Empire of the time. He was influential in evangelization work most notably in India. He also ventured into Japan, Borneo, the Maluku Islands, and other areas which had, until then, not been visited by Christian missionaries. In these areas, being a pioneer and struggling to learn the local languages in the face of opposition, he had less success than he had enjoyed in India. It was a goal of Xavier to extend his missionary preaching to China but he died in Shangchuan Island shortly before doing so
Dec 11 Paolo Giovio an Italian physician, historian, biographer, and prelate.
Dec 20 Katharina von Bora the wife of Martin Luther, German leader of the Protestant Reformation. Beyond what is found in the writings of Luther and some of his contemporaries, little is known about her. Despite this, Katharina is often considered one of the most important participants of the Reformation because of her role in helping to define Protestant family life and setting the tone for clergy marriages