1554 in history

1554 events chronologically

Jan 5 A great fire occurs in Eindhoven, Netherlands
Jan 12 Bayinnaung, who would go on to assemble the largest empire in the history of Southeast Asia, is crowned King of Burma
Jan 25 Founding of São Paulo city, Brazil
Feb 12 A year after claiming the throne of England for nine days, Lady Jane Grey is beheaded for treason
Feb 23 Mapuche forces, under the leadership of Lautaro, score a victory over the Spanish at the Battle of Marihueñu in Chile
May 21 Queen Mary I grants a royal charter to Derby School, as a grammar school for boys in Derby, England
Jul 25 Mary I marries Philip II of Spain at Winchester Cathedral

Top 7 most famous people born in 1554

Jan 9 Pope Gregory XV Pope from 9 February 1621 to his death in 1623.
Jan 20 Sebastian of Portugal King of Portugal and the Algarves from 11 June 1557 to 4 August 1578 and the penultimate Portuguese monarch of the House of Aviz.
Mar 26 Charles Duke of Mayenne a French nobleman of the house of Guise and a military leader of the Catholic League, which he headed during the French Wars of Religion, following the assassination of his brothers at Blois in 1588. In 1596, when he made peace with Henri of Navarre, the wars were essentially at an end. He was the second son of Francis of Lorraine, Duke of Guise and Anna d'Este, the daughter of Ercole d'Este II, Duke of Ferrara and Renée of France
Jul 5 Elisabeth of Austria Queen of France Queen of France from 1570 to 1574 as the wife of King Charles A member of the House of Habsburg, she was the daughter of Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor, and Maria of Spain.
Oct 3 Fulke Greville 1st Baron Brooke an Elizabethan poet, dramatist, and statesman who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1581 and 1621, when he was raised to the peerage.
Oct 20 Bálint Balassi a Hungarian Renaissance lyric poet. He wrote mostly in Hungarian, but was also proficient in further eight languages: Latin, Italian, German, Polish, Turkish, Slovak, Croatian and Romanian. He is the founder of modern Hungarian lyric and erotic poetry
Nov 30 Philip Sidney remembered as one of the most prominent figures of the Elizabethan age. His works include Astrophel and Stella, The Defence of Poesy , and The Countess of Pembroke's Arcadia

Top 7 most famous people died in 1554

Feb 12 Lady Jane Grey an English noblewoman and de facto monarch of England from 10 July until 19 July 1553.
Feb 12 Lord Guildford Dudley the husband of Lady Jane Grey who, declared as his heir by King Edward VI, occupied the English throne from 10 July until 19 July 1553. Guildford Dudley enjoyed a humanist education and was married to Jane in a magnificent celebration about six weeks before the King's death. After Guildford's father, the Duke of Northumberland, had engineered Jane's accession, Jane and Guildford spent her brief rule residing in the Tower of London. They were still in the Tower when their regime collapsed and remained there, in different quarters, as prisoners. They were condemned to death for high treason in November 1553. Queen Mary I was inclined to spare their lives, but Thomas Wyatt's rebellion against her plans to marry Philip of Spain led to the young couple's execution, a measure that was widely seen as unduly harsh
Feb 21 Hieronymus Bock a German botanist, physician, and Lutheran minister who began the transition from medieval botany to the modern scientific worldview by arranging plants by their relation or resemblance.
Mar 3 John Frederick I Elector of Saxony Elector of Saxony and Head of the Protestant Confederation of Germany , "Champion of the Reformation".
Apr 11 Thomas Wyatt the Younger traditionally called "Wyatt's rebellion". He was also the son of the English poet and ambassador Sir Thomas Wyatt
Aug 25 Thomas Howard 3rd Duke of Norfolk a prominent Tudor politician. He was an uncle of two of the wives of Henry VIII: Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard, and played a major role in the machinations behind these marriages. After falling from favour in 1546, he was stripped of the dukedom and imprisoned in the Tower, avoiding execution when the King died. He was released on the accession of Queen Mary He aided Mary in securing her throne, setting the stage for alienation between his Catholic family and the Protestant royal line that would be continued by Queen Elizabeth I
Sep 22 Francisco Vásquez de Coronado a Spanish conquistador and explorer, who led a great expedition from Mexico to present-day Kansas through parts of southwestern United States between 1540 and 1542. Coronado had hoped to reach the mythical Seven Cities of Gold. His expedition discovered the Grand Canyon and the Colorado River. His name is often Anglicized as Vasquez de Coronado