Died in 1554

Jan 2 João Manuel Prince of Portugal a Portuguese infante , the eighth son of King John III of Portugal by his wife Catherine of Austria, daughter of Philip I of Castile and Joanna of Castile. As the heir to the throne he was styled Prince of Portugal
Jan 16 Christiern Pedersen a Danish canon, humanist scholar, writer, printer and publisher.
Feb 12 Lord Guildford Dudley the husband of Lady Jane Grey who, declared as his heir by King Edward VI, occupied the English throne from 10 July until 19 July 1553. Guildford Dudley enjoyed a humanist education and was married to Jane in a magnificent celebration about six weeks before the King's death. After Guildford's father, the Duke of Northumberland, had engineered Jane's accession, Jane and Guildford spent her brief rule residing in the Tower of London. They were still in the Tower when their regime collapsed and remained there, in different quarters, as prisoners. They were condemned to death for high treason in November 1553. Queen Mary I was inclined to spare their lives, but Thomas Wyatt's rebellion against her plans to marry Philip of Spain led to the young couple's execution, a measure that was widely seen as unduly harsh
Feb 12 Lady Jane Grey an English noblewoman and de facto monarch of England from 10 July until 19 July 1553.
Feb 21 Hieronymus Bock a German botanist, physician, and Lutheran minister who began the transition from medieval botany to the modern scientific worldview by arranging plants by their relation or resemblance.
Feb 21 Sibylle of Cleves Electress consort of Saxony.
Feb 23 Henry Grey 1st Duke of Suffolk an English nobleman of the Tudor period and the father of Lady Jane Grey.
Mar 3 John Frederick I Elector of Saxony Elector of Saxony and Head of the Protestant Confederation of Germany , "Champion of the Reformation".
Apr 11 Thomas Wyatt the Younger traditionally called "Wyatt's rebellion". He was also the son of the English poet and ambassador Sir Thomas Wyatt
Apr 23 Gaspara Stampa an Italian poet. She is considered to have been the greatest woman poet of the Italian Renaissance, and she is regarded by many as the greatest Italian woman poet of any age
Aug 25 Thomas Howard 3rd Duke of Norfolk a prominent Tudor politician. He was an uncle of two of the wives of Henry VIII: Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard, and played a major role in the machinations behind these marriages. After falling from favour in 1546, he was stripped of the dukedom and imprisoned in the Tower, avoiding execution when the King died. He was released on the accession of Queen Mary He aided Mary in securing her throne, setting the stage for alienation between his Catholic family and the Protestant royal line that would be continued by Queen Elizabeth I
Sep 22 Francisco Vásquez de Coronado a Spanish conquistador and explorer, who led a great expedition from Mexico to present-day Kansas through parts of southwestern United States between 1540 and 1542. Coronado had hoped to reach the mythical Seven Cities of Gold. His expedition discovered the Grand Canyon and the Colorado River. His name is often Anglicized as Vasquez de Coronado
Nov 22 Islam Shah Suri the second ruler of the Sur dynasty which ruled part of India in the mid-16th century. His original name was Jalal Khan and he was the second son of Sher Shah Suri
Dec 22 Moretto da Brescia an Italian Renaissance painter of Brescia and Venice.