1555 in history

1555 events chronologically

Jan 22 The Ava Kingdom falls to the Taungoo Dynasty in what is now present-day Burma
Feb 9 Bishop of Gloucester John Hooper is burned at the stake
Mar 25 The city of Valencia is founded in present-day Venezuela
Apr 17 After 18 months of siege, Siena surrenders to the Florentine-Imperial army. The Republic of Siena is incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Tuscany
Jul 2 The Ottoman Admiral Turgut Reis sacks the Italian city of Paola
Jul 18 The College of Arms is reincorporated by Royal charter signed by Queen Mary I of England and King Philip II of Spain
Sep 25 The Peace of Augsburg is signed in Augsburg by Charles V and the princes of the Schmalkaldic League

Top 7 most famous people born in 1555

Mar 18 Francis Duke of Anjou the youngest son of Henry II of France and Catherine de' Medici.
Apr 21 Ludovico Carracci an Italian, early-Baroque painter, etcher, and printmaker born in Bologna. His works are characterized by a strong mood invoked by broad gestures and flickering light that create spiritual emotion and are credited with reinvigorating Italian art, especially fresco art, which was subsumed with formalistic Mannerism. He died in Bologna in 1619
Aug 1 Edward Kelley an ambiguous figure in English Renaissance occultism and self-declared spirit medium who worked with John Dee in his magical investigations. Besides the professed ability to summon spirits or angels in a "shew-stone" or mirror, which John Dee so valued, Kelley also claimed to possess the secret of transmuting base metals into gold, the goal of alchemy, as well as the supposed Philosopher's Stone itself
Sep 23 Louise de Coligny the daughter of Gaspard II de Coligny and Charlotte de Laval and the fourth and last spouse of William the Silent.
Sep 28 Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne Duke of Bouillon a member of the powerful, House of La Tour d'Auvergne, Prince of Sedan and a marshal of France.
Nov 8 Nyaungyan Min king of the Toungoo Dynasty of Burma from 1599 to 1605. He is also referred to as the founder of the Restored Toungoo Dynasty or Nyaungyan Dynasty for starting the reunification process following the collapse of the Toungoo Empire
Dec 27 Johann Arndt a German Lutheran theologian who wrote several influential books of devotional Christianity. Although reflective of the period of Lutheran Orthodoxy, he is seen as a forerunner of pietism, a movement within Lutheranism that gained strength in the late 17th century

Top 7 most famous people died in 1555

Mar 23 Pope Julius III Pope from 7 February 1550 to his death in 1555.
Apr 12 Joanna of Castile queen of Castile from 1504 and of Aragon from 1516. From the union of these two crowns modern Spain evolved. Joanna married Philip the Handsome, who was crowned King of Castile in 1506, initiating the rule of the Habsburgs in Spain. After Philip's death that same year, Joanna was deemed mentally ill and was confined to a nunnery for the rest of her life. Though she remained the legal queen of Castile throughout this time, her father, Ferdinand II of Aragon, was regent until his death, when she inherited his kingdom as well. From 1517, her son, Charles, ruled as king, while she nominally remained co-monarch
Apr 18 Polydore Vergil an Italian humanist scholar, historian, priest and diplomat who spent most of his life in England. He is particularly remembered for his works the Proverbiorum libellus , a collection of Latin proverbs; De inventoribus rerum , a history of discoveries and origins; and the Anglica Historia , an influential history of England. He has been dubbed the "Father of English History"
May 1 Pope Marcellus II the 222nd pope of the Catholic Church from 9 April 1555 until his death 22 days later on 1 May 1555.
May 25 Henry II of Navarre born at Sangüesa, was the King of Navarre from 1517, although his kingdom had been reduced to a small territory north of the Pyrenees by the Spanish conquest of 1512. Henry succeeded his mother, Queen Catherine, and her husband, King John III
Oct 16 Nicholas Ridley (martyr) an English Bishop of London Ridley was burned at the stake, as one of the Oxford Martyrs, during the Marian Persecutions, for his teachings and his support of Lady Jane Grey. Ridley is remembered with a commemoration in the calendar of saints in some parts of the Anglican Communion on 16 October
Nov 21 Georgius Agricola a German Catholic, scholar and scientist. Known as "the father of mineralogy", he was born at Glauchau in Saxony. His birth name was Georg Pawer ; Agricola is the Latinized version of his name, by which he was known his entire adult life; Agricola and Bauer mean "farmer" in their respective languages. He is best known for his book De Re Metallica