Born in 1555

Jan 25 Charles Duke of Aumale the son of Claude, Duke of Aumale and Louise de Brézé.
Jan 26 Charles II Lord of Monaco Lord of Monaco from 7 October 1581 to 17 May 1589.
Feb 25 Alonso Lobo a Spanish composer of the late Renaissance. Although not as famous as Tomás Luis de Victoria, he was highly regarded at the time, and Victoria himself considered him to be his equal
Mar 18 Francis Duke of Anjou the youngest son of Henry II of France and Catherine de' Medici.
Mar 31 Elizabeth Stuart Countess of Lennox the wife of Charles Stuart, 1st Earl of Lennox. She was the mother of Arbella Stuart, a close claimant to the English and Scottish thrones
Apr 21 Ludovico Carracci an Italian, early-Baroque painter, etcher, and printmaker born in Bologna. His works are characterized by a strong mood invoked by broad gestures and flickering light that create spiritual emotion and are credited with reinvigorating Italian art, especially fresco art, which was subsumed with formalistic Mannerism. He died in Bologna in 1619
Aug 1 Edward Kelley an ambiguous figure in English Renaissance occultism and self-declared spirit medium who worked with John Dee in his magical investigations. Besides the professed ability to summon spirits or angels in a "shew-stone" or mirror, which John Dee so valued, Kelley also claimed to possess the secret of transmuting base metals into gold, the goal of alchemy, as well as the supposed Philosopher's Stone itself
Sep 23 Louise de Coligny the daughter of Gaspard II de Coligny and Charlotte de Laval and the fourth and last spouse of William the Silent.
Sep 28 Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne Duke of Bouillon a member of the powerful, House of La Tour d'Auvergne, Prince of Sedan and a marshal of France.
Oct 12 Peregrine Bertie 13th Baron Willoughby de Eresby the son of Catherine Willoughby, 12th Baroness Willoughby de Eresby, and Richard Bertie. Bertie was Lady Willoughby de Eresby's second husband, the first being Charles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk. Peregrine Bertie's half-brothers, Henry and Charles Brandon, died as teenagers four years before his birth. His sister Susan married the Earl of Kent and then the nephew of Bess of Hardwick. Owing to religious politics, the parents had to move outside England and the boy was born at Wesel on the River Rhine
Nov 8 Nyaungyan Min king of the Toungoo Dynasty of Burma from 1599 to 1605. He is also referred to as the founder of the Restored Toungoo Dynasty or Nyaungyan Dynasty for starting the reunification process following the collapse of the Toungoo Empire
Dec 4 Heinrich Meibom (poet) born at Barntrup in Westphalia.
Dec 27 Johann Arndt a German Lutheran theologian who wrote several influential books of devotional Christianity. Although reflective of the period of Lutheran Orthodoxy, he is seen as a forerunner of pietism, a movement within Lutheranism that gained strength in the late 17th century