1556 in history

1556 events chronologically

Jan 16 Philip II becomes King of Spain
Jan 23 The deadliest earthquake in history, the Shaanxi earthquake, hits Shaanxi province, China. The death toll may have been as high as 830,000
Feb 14 Thomas Cranmer is declared a heretic
Mar 21 In Oxford, Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Cranmer is burned at the stake
Jun 27 The thirteen Stratford Martyrs are burned at the stake near London for their Protestant beliefs
Sep 15 Departing from Vlissingen, ex-Holy Roman Emperor Charles V returns to Spain

Top 7 most famous people born in 1556

Feb 21 Sethus Calvisius a German music theorist, composer, chronologer, astronomer, and teacher of the late Renaissance.
Mar 7 Guillaume du Vair a French author and lawyer.
Apr 27 François Béroalde de Verville a French Renaissance novelist, poet and intellectual. He was the son of Matthieu Brouard , called "Béroalde", a professor of Agrippa d'Aubigné and Pierre de l'Estoile and a Huguenot; his mother, Marie Bletz, was the niece of the humanist and Hebrew scholar François Vatable. At the time of the Bartholomew's Day Massacre, his family fled to Geneva , but Béroalde returned to Paris in 1581. During the civil wars, Béroalde abjured Calvinism and joined the factions around Henri III of France. In 1589 he moved to Tours , and became chanoine of the cathedral chapter of Saint Gatien, where he remained until his death
May 31 Jerzy Radziwiłł (1556–1600) a Polish–Lithuanian nobleman from the Radziwiłł family. He was a Catholic bishop and cardinal. Radziwiłł was also an Imperial Prince
Jul 25 George Peele most noted for his supposed but not universally accepted collaboration with William Shakespeare on the play Titus Andronicus.
Aug 24 Sophia Brahe a Danish horticulturalist and student of astronomy, chemistry, and medicine, best known for assisting her brother Tycho Brahe with his astronomical observations.
Dec 17 Abdul Rahim Khan-I-Khana a poet who lived during the rule of Mughal emperor Akbar. He was one of the nine important ministers in his court, also known as the Navaratnas. Rahim is known for his Hindi couplets and his books on astrology. The village of Khankhana, which is named after him, is located in the Nawanshahr district of the state of Punjab, India

Top 7 most famous people died in 1556

Jan 27 Humayun now Afghanistan, Pakistan, and parts of northern India from 1531–1540 and again from 1555–1556. Like his father, Babur, he lost his kingdom early, but regained it with Persian aid, with additional territory. At the time of his death in 1556, the Mughal empire spanned almost one million square kilometers
Mar 21 Thomas Cranmer a leader of the English Reformation and Archbishop of Canterbury during the reigns of Henry VIII, Edward VI and, for a short time, Mary He helped build the case for the annulment of Henry's marriage to Catherine of Aragon, which was one of the causes of the separation of the English Church from union with the Holy See. Along with Thomas Cromwell, he supported the principle of Royal Supremacy, in which the king was considered sovereign over the Church within his realm
Jun 10 Martin Agricola a German composer of Renaissance music and a music theorist.
Jul 31 Ignatius of Loyola a Spanish knight from a local Basque noble family, hermit, priest since 1537, and theologian, who founded the Society of Jesus and, on 19 April 1541, became its first Superior General. Ignatius emerged as a religious leader during the Counter-Reformation. Loyola's devotion to the Catholic Church was characterized by absolute obedience to the Pope
Oct 21 Pietro Aretino an Italian author, playwright, poet, satirist, and blackmailer, who wielded immense influence on contemporary art and politics and invented modern literate pornography.
Nov 5 Hemu a Hindu emperor of North India during the 16th century CE, a period when the Mughals and Afghans were vying for power in the region.
Nov 14 Giovanni della Casa a Florentine poet, writer on etiquette and society, diplomat, and inquisitor. He is celebrated for his famous treatise on polite behavior, Il Galateo overo de’ costumi. From the time of its publication, this courtesy book has enjoyed enormous success and influence. In the eighteenth century, influential critic Giuseppe Baretti wrote in The Italian Library , "The little treatise is looked upon by many Italians as the most elegant thing, as to stile, that we have in our language."