1558 in history

1558 events chronologically

Jan 7 France takes Calais, the last continental possession of England
Apr 24 Mary, Queen of Scots, marries the Dauphin of France, François, at Notre Dame de Paris
Jul 13 Battle of Gravelines: In France, Spanish forces led by Count Lamoral of Egmont defeat the French forces of Marshal Paul de Thermes at Gravelines
Oct 17 Poczta Polska, the Polish postal service, is founded
Nov 17 Elizabethan era begins: Queen Mary I of England dies and is succeeded by her half-sister Elizabeth I of England

Top 7 most famous people born in 1558

Jan 16 Jakobea of Baden daughter of the Margrave Philibert of Baden-Baden and Mechthild of Bavaria. She has been compared with Mary Stuart, because both met a violent death in the framework of a religious conflict
Jul 11 Robert Greene (dramatist) an English author popular in his day, and now best known for a posthumous pamphlet attributed to him, Greenes, Groats-worth of Witte, bought with a million of Repentance, widely believed to contain an attack on William Shakespeare. He is said to have been born in Norwich. He attended Cambridge, receiving a BA in 1580, and an M.A. in 1583 before moving to London, where he arguably became the first professional author in England. Greene published in many genres including romances, plays and autobiography
Aug 19 François de Bourbon Prince of Conti the third son of Louis de Bourbon, Prince of Condé, a junior line of the House of Bourbon, and his first wife Eléanor de Roucy de Roye. He was given the title of Marquis of Conti and between 1581 and 1597 was elevated to the rank of a prince. The title of Prince of Conti was honorary and did not carry any territorial jurisdiction
Sep 9 Philippe Emmanuel Duke of Mercœur a French soldier and prominent member of the Catholic League.
Oct 12 Maximilian III Archduke of Austria the Archduke of Further Austria from 1612 until his death.
Oct 24 Szymon Szymonowic a Polish Renaissance poet. He was known as "the Polish Pindar."
Oct 30 Jacques-Nompar de Caumont duc de La Force a marshal of France and peer of France. He was the son of a Huguenot, Francois de Caumont, lord of Castelnau, and Philippe de Beaupoil. He survived the Bartholomew's Day Massacre in 1572, but his father and older brother Armand were killed

Top 7 most famous people died in 1558

Feb 25 Eleanor of Austria born an Archduchess of Austria and Infanta of Castile from the House of Habsburg, and subsequently became Queen consort of Portugal and of France. She also held the Duchy of Touraine as dower. She is called "Leonor" in Spanish and Portuguese and "Eléonore" or "Aliénor" in French
Apr 15 Roxelana the favorite consort and later the legal wife of Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent and the mother of Şehzade Mehmed, Mihrimah Sultan, Şehzade Abdullah, Sultan Selim II, Şehzade Bayezid and Şehzade Cihangir. She was one of the most powerful and influential women in Ottoman history and a prominent figure during the era known as the Sultanate of Women. She was "Haseki Sultan" when her husband, Suleiman I, reigned as Ottoman sultan. She achieved power and influenced the politics of the Ottoman Empire through her husband and played an active role in state affairs of the Empire
Sep 21 Charles V Holy Roman Emperor ruler of the Holy Roman Empire from 1519 and, as Charles I, of the Spanish Empire from 1516 until his voluntary abdication in favor of his younger brother Ferdinand I as Holy Roman Emperor and his son Philip II as King of Spain in 1556.
Oct 18 Mary of Hungary (governor of the Netherlands) queen consort of Hungary and Bohemia as the wife of King Louis II, and was later Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands.
Oct 21 Julius Caesar Scaliger an Italian scholar and physician who spent a major part of his career in France. He employed the techniques and discoveries of Renaissance humanism to defend Aristotelianism against the new learning. In spite of his arrogant and contentious disposition, his contemporary reputation was high, judging him so distinguished by his learning and talents that, according to Jacques August de Thou, none of the ancients could be placed above him, and the age in which he lived could not show his equal
Nov 17 Mary I of England Queen of England and Ireland from July 1553 until her death. Her executions of Protestants caused her opponents to give her the sobriquet "Bloody Mary"
Nov 17 Reginald Pole an English cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and the last Roman Catholic Archbishop of Canterbury, holding the office during the Counter Reformation.