Born in 1558

Jan 16 Jakobea of Baden daughter of the Margrave Philibert of Baden-Baden and Mechthild of Bavaria. She has been compared with Mary Stuart, because both met a violent death in the framework of a religious conflict
Mar 7 Johann VII Duke of Mecklenburg a Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.
Apr 30 Mikołaj Oleśnicki the younger a Polish nobleman and latterly voivode of Lublin. He was son of Jan Oleśnicki, lord of Chmielnik in the voivodie of Sandomir His uncle was Lord Mikołaj Oleśnicki the elder a Polish Calvinist nobleman who established the first Protestant academy in Poland at Pińczów in 1550, and his aunt Zofia Oleśnicka was the first notable Polish woman poet
May 22 Françoise de Cezelli a French war hero. She distinguished herself when the village of Leucate was besieged by Spanish forces allied with the Catholic League in 1590, after her husband, the governor, was captured and executed by the enemy
Jul 11 Robert Greene (dramatist) an English author popular in his day, and now best known for a posthumous pamphlet attributed to him, Greenes, Groats-worth of Witte, bought with a million of Repentance, widely believed to contain an attack on William Shakespeare. He is said to have been born in Norwich. He attended Cambridge, receiving a BA in 1580, and an M.A. in 1583 before moving to London, where he arguably became the first professional author in England. Greene published in many genres including romances, plays and autobiography
Aug 19 François de Bourbon Prince of Conti the third son of Louis de Bourbon, Prince of Condé, a junior line of the House of Bourbon, and his first wife Eléanor de Roucy de Roye. He was given the title of Marquis of Conti and between 1581 and 1597 was elevated to the rank of a prince. The title of Prince of Conti was honorary and did not carry any territorial jurisdiction
Sep 9 Philippe Emmanuel Duke of Mercœur a French soldier and prominent member of the Catholic League.
Oct 12 Maximilian III Archduke of Austria the Archduke of Further Austria from 1612 until his death.
Oct 24 Szymon Szymonowic a Polish Renaissance poet. He was known as "the Polish Pindar."
Oct 30 Jacques-Nompar de Caumont duc de La Force a marshal of France and peer of France. He was the son of a Huguenot, Francois de Caumont, lord of Castelnau, and Philippe de Beaupoil. He survived the Bartholomew's Day Massacre in 1572, but his father and older brother Armand were killed