1559 in history

1559 events chronologically

Jan 15 Elizabeth I is crowned Queen of England in Westminster Abbey, London, England
Apr 3 The Peace of Cateau-Cambrésis treaty is signed, ending the Italian Wars
May 2 John Knox returns from exile to Scotland to become the leader of the nascent Scottish Reformation
Jun 30 King Henry II of France is mortally wounded in a jousting match against Gabriel de Montgomery
Aug 22 Bartolomé Carranza, Spanish archbishop, is arrested for heresy

Top 7 most famous people born in 1559

Feb 7 Catherine de Bourbon the daughter of Queen Joan III and King Anthony of Navarre.
Feb 18 Isaac Casaubon a classical scholar and philologist, first in France and then later in England, regarded by many of his time as the most learned man in Europe.
Feb 21 Nurhaci an important Jurchen chieftain who rose to prominence in the late sixteenth century in Manchuria. Nurhaci was part of the Aisin Gioro clan, and reigned from 1616 to his death in September 1626
Jul 22 Lawrence of Brindisi Saint Lawrence of Brindisi, O.F.M. Cap., , born Giulio Cesare Russo, was a Catholic priest and a member of the Order of Friars Minor Capuchin
Sep 21 Cigoli an Italian painter and architect of the late Mannerist and early Baroque period, trained and active in his early career in Florence, and spending the last nine years of his life in Rome.
Sep 25 Mircea the Shepherd the Prince of Wallachia three times: January 1545 –16 November 1552; May 1553–28 February 1554 ; and January 1558–21 September 1559.
Nov 13 Albert VII Archduke of Austria the ruling Archduke of Austria for a few months in 1619 and, jointly with his wife, Isabella Clara Eugenia, sovereign of the Habsburg Netherlands between 1598 and 1621. Prior to this, he had been a cardinal, archbishop of Toledo, viceroy of Portugal and Governor General of the Habsburg Netherlands. He succeeded his brother Matthias as reigning archduke of Lower and Upper Austria, but abdicated in favor of Ferdinand II the same year, making it the shortest reign in Austrian history

Top 7 most famous people died in 1559

Jan 1 Christian III of Denmark reigned as king of Denmark and Norway from 1534 until his death. He was the eldest son of King Frederick I and Anna of Brandenburg
Jan 25 Christian II of Denmark reigned as King of Denmark and Norway from 1513 until 1523 and of Sweden from 1520 until 1521. He was the oldest son of King John and belonged to the House of Oldenburg. Denmark was then an elective monarchy in which the nobility elected the new king, who had to share his power with them. After his short reign in Sweden, where he was also known as Christian the Tyrant , he was deposed by the nobleman Gustav Vasa. His reign in Denmark and Norway was cut short when his uncle deposed him and took the thrones as Frederick Christian was then exiled to the Netherlands, then ruled by his brother-in-law, Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Jul 10 Henry II of France a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 31 March 1547 until his death in 1559. The second son of Francis I, he became Dauphin of France upon the death of his elder brother Francis III, Duke of Brittany, in 1536
Aug 18 Pope Paul IV C.R. né Gian Pietro Carafa, was Pope from 23 May 1555 to his death in 1559. While serving as papal nuncio in Spain, he developed an anti-Spanish outlook that later coloured his papacy, and resulted in the Papal States suffering a serious military defeat in the Italian War of 1551–59
Sep 6 Benvenuto Tisi a Late-Renaissance-Mannerist Italian painter of the School of Ferrara. Garofalo's career began attached to the court of the Duke d'Este. His early works have been described as "idyllic", but they often conform to the elaborate conceits favored by the artistically refined Ferrarese court. His nickname, Garofalo, may derive from his habit of signing some works with a picture of a carnation
Sep 7 Robert Estienne a 16th-century printer and classical scholar in Paris. He was a former Catholic who became a Protestant late in his life and the first to print the Bible divided into standard numbered verses
Nov 20 Frances Grey Duchess of Suffolk the second child and eldest daughter of King Henry VIII's sister Mary and Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk. She was the mother of Lady Jane Grey