Born in 1559

Feb 7 Catherine de Bourbon the daughter of Queen Joan III and King Anthony of Navarre.
Feb 18 Isaac Casaubon a classical scholar and philologist, first in France and then later in England, regarded by many of his time as the most learned man in Europe.
Feb 21 Nurhaci an important Jurchen chieftain who rose to prominence in the late sixteenth century in Manchuria. Nurhaci was part of the Aisin Gioro clan, and reigned from 1616 to his death in September 1626
Apr 23 William Watson (priest) an English Roman Catholic priest and conspirator, executed for treason.
May 12 Stanisław Radziwiłł a sixth generation Radziwill family noble of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. He was a general starost of the Duchy of Samogitia , a first ordynat of Olyka, and the Great Lithuanian Marshal
Jul 22 Lawrence of Brindisi Saint Lawrence of Brindisi, O.F.M. Cap., , born Giulio Cesare Russo, was a Catholic priest and a member of the Order of Friars Minor Capuchin
Sep 21 Cigoli an Italian painter and architect of the late Mannerist and early Baroque period, trained and active in his early career in Florence, and spending the last nine years of his life in Rome.
Sep 25 Mircea the Shepherd the Prince of Wallachia three times: January 1545 –16 November 1552; May 1553–28 February 1554 ; and January 1558–21 September 1559.
Nov 13 Albert VII Archduke of Austria the ruling Archduke of Austria for a few months in 1619 and, jointly with his wife, Isabella Clara Eugenia, sovereign of the Habsburg Netherlands between 1598 and 1621. Prior to this, he had been a cardinal, archbishop of Toledo, viceroy of Portugal and Governor General of the Habsburg Netherlands. He succeeded his brother Matthias as reigning archduke of Lower and Upper Austria, but abdicated in favor of Ferdinand II the same year, making it the shortest reign in Austrian history
Dec 14 Lupercio Leonardo de Argensola a Spanish dramatist and poet.