1561 in history

1561 events chronologically

Mar 2 Mendoza, Argentina is founded by Spanish conquistador Pedro del Castillo
Mar 31 The city of San Cristóbal, Táchira is founded
Jul 2 Menas, Emperor of Ethiopia, defeats a revolt in Emfraz
Jul 12 Saint Basil's Cathedral in Moscow is consecrated
Aug 19 Mary, Queen of Scots, who was 18-years-old, returns to Scotland after spending 13 years in France
Aug 24 Willem of Orange marries duchess Anna of Saxony
Sep 9 The ultimately unsuccessful Colloquy at Poissy opens in an effort to reconcile French Catholics and Protestants

Top 7 most famous people born in 1561

Jan 6 Thomas Fincke a Danish mathematician and physicist, and a professor at the University of Copenhagen for more than 60 years.
Jan 22 Francis Bacon an English philosopher, statesman, scientist, jurist, orator, essayist, and author. He served both as Attorney General and Lord Chancellor of England. After his death, he remained extremely influential through his works, especially as philosophical advocate and practitioner of the scientific method during the scientific revolution
Jul 11 Luis de Góngora a Spanish Baroque lyric poet. Góngora and his lifelong rival, Francisco de Quevedo, are widely considered the most prominent Spanish poets of all time. His style is characterized by what was called culteranismo, also known as Gongorism. This style existed in stark contrast to Quevedo's conceptismo
Jul 25 Katō Kiyomasa a Japanese daimyō of the Azuchi-Momoyama and Edo period.
Aug 4 John Harington (writer) a courtier, author and master of art, popularly known as the inventor of the flush toilet. He became a prominent member of Queen Elizabeth I's court, and was known as her "saucy Godson". But because of his poetry and other writings, he fell in and out of favour with the Queen
Aug 20 Jacopo Peri often called the inventor of opera. He wrote the first work to be called an opera today, Dafne , and also the first opera to have survived to the present day, Euridice
Sep 29 Adriaan van Roomen a Flemish mathematician.

Top 7 most famous people died in 1561

Jan 31 Menno Simons an Anabaptist religious leader from the Friesland region of the Low Countries. Simons was a contemporary of the Protestant Reformers and his followers became known as Mennonites. "Menno Simons" is the Dutch version of his name; the Frisian version is Minne Simens , the possessive "s" creating a patronym meaning "Minne, son of Simen"
Jan 31 Bairam Khan an important military commander, among top generals, later commander in chief of the Mughal army, a powerful statesman and regent at the court of the Mughal emperors Humayun and Akbar, also guardian, chief mentor, advisor, teacher and most trusted person of Humayun. Humayun honored him as Khan Khanan,means king of kings. Bairam actually was not "Khan": his real name was Bairam "Beg". The Shah of Iran, Tamasp, honored him as 'Kha' or Khan
May 16 Jan Tarnowski a Polish szlachcic , knight, military commander, military theoretician, and statesman of the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland. He was Grand Crown Hetman from 1527, and was the founder of the city of Tarnopol, where he built the Ternopil Castle and the Ternopil Pond
Jul 10 Rüstem Pasha an Ottoman Croatian statesman. He served as the grand vizier of sultan Suleiman the Magnificent. Rüstem Pasha is also known as Damat Rüstem Pasha because of his marriage to one of the sultan's daughters
Oct 27 Lope de Aguirre a Basque Spanish conquistador in South America. Nicknamed El Loco , he styled himself '"Wrath of God, Prince of Freedom, King of Tierra Firme". Aguirre is best known for his final expedition down the Amazon river in search of the mythical golden King El Dorado. In 1561 Aguirre sent a letter which defied the Spanish monarch Philip II by declaring an independent state of Peru. Aguirre's expedition ended with his death. Since his death, Aguirre has come to be considered a symbol of cruelty and treachery in colonial Spanish America, and has become an antihero in literature, cinema and other arts
Nov 11 Hans Tausen born at Birkende on Funen in 1494 and died in Ribe in 1561. He published the first translation of the Pentateuch into Danish in 1535
Dec 10 Caspar Schwenckfeld a German theologian, writer, and preacher who became a Protestant Reformer and spiritualist, one of the earliest promoters of the Protestant Reformation in Silesia.