1562 in history

1562 events chronologically

Jan 17 France recognizes the Huguenots by the Edict of Saint-Germain
Jan 18 Pope Pius IV reopens the Council of Trent for its third and final session
Mar 1 Twenty-three Huguenots are massacred by Catholics in Wassy, France, marking the start of the French Wars of Religion
Jul 12 Fray Diego de Landa, acting Bishop of Yucatán, burns the sacred books of the Maya
Dec 19 The Battle of Dreux takes place during the French Wars of Religion

Top 7 most famous people born in 1562

Jan 12 Charles Emmanuel I Duke of Savoy the Duke of Savoy from 1580 to 1630. He was also nicknamed Testa d'feu for his rashness and military attitudes
Jan 20 Ottavio Rinuccini an Italian poet, courtier, and opera librettist at the end of the Renaissance and beginning of the Baroque eras. In collaborating with Jacopo Peri to produce the first opera, Dafne, in 1597, he became the first opera librettist
Apr 24 Xu Guangqi a Chinese scholar-bureaucrat, agricultural scientist, astronomer, and mathematician in the Ming Dynasty. Xu was a colleague and collaborator of the Italian Jesuits Matteo Ricci and Sabatino de Ursis and they translated several classic Western texts into Chinese, including part of Euclid's Elements. He was also the author of the Nong Zheng Quan Shu, one of the first comprehensive treatises on the subject of agriculture. He was one of the "Three Pillars of Chinese Catholicism". His current title is Servant of God
Sep 21 Vincenzo Gonzaga Duke of Mantua ruler of the Duchy of Mantua and the Duchy of Montferrat from 1587 to 1612.
Oct 4 Christen Sørensen Longomontanus a Danish astronomer.
Oct 19 George Abbot (bishop) an English divine who was Archbishop of Canterbury from 1611 to 1633. He also served as the fourth Chancellor of Trinity College, Dublin, from 1612 to 1633
Nov 25 Lope de Vega a Spanish playwright and poet. He was one of the key figures in the Spanish Golden Century of Baroque literature. His reputation in the world of Spanish literature is second only to that of Cervantes, while the sheer volume of his literary output is unequalled, making him one of the most prolific authors in the history of literature

Top 7 most famous people died in 1562

Jul 23 Götz von Berlichingen a German Imperial Knight and mercenary. He was born around 1480 into the noble family of Berlichingen in modern-day Württemberg. Götz bought Hornberg castle in 1517, and lived there until his death in 1562
Oct 9 Gabriele Falloppio one of the most important anatomists and physicians of the sixteenth century.
Oct 18 Peter of Alcantara Saint Peter of Alcantara, O.F.M. was a Spanish Franciscan friar canonized in 1699
Nov 17 Antoine of Navarre the King of Navarre through his marriage to Queen Jeanne III, from 1555 until his death. He was the first monarch of the House of Bourbon, of which he was head from 1537. He was the father of Henry IV of France
Dec 6 Jan van Scorel an influential Dutch painter credited with the introduction of High Italian Renaissance art to the Netherlands.
Dec 7 Adrian Willaert a Netherlandish composer of the Renaissance and founder of the Venetian School. He was one of the most representative members of the generation of northern composers who moved to Italy and transplanted the polyphonic Franco-Flemish style there
Dec 17 Eleanor of Toledo a Spanish noblewoman who was Duchess of Florence from 1539. She is credited with being the first modern first lady, or consort. She served as regent of Florence during the absence of her spouse