Born in 1562

Jan 12 Charles Emmanuel I Duke of Savoy the Duke of Savoy from 1580 to 1630. He was also nicknamed Testa d'feu for his rashness and military attitudes
Jan 13 Mark Alexander Boyd a Scottish poet and soldier of fortune. He was born in Ayrshire, Scotland. His father was from Pinkell, Carrick in Ayrshire. Boyd left Scotland for France as a young man. There he studied civil law. He took part in the religious wars of the League, fighting on the Catholic side
Jan 20 Ottavio Rinuccini an Italian poet, courtier, and opera librettist at the end of the Renaissance and beginning of the Baroque eras. In collaborating with Jacopo Peri to produce the first opera, Dafne, in 1597, he became the first opera librettist
Feb 15 Maeda Toshinaga a Japanese daimyo who was the second head of the Kaga Domain. He was the eldest son of Maeda Toshiie and married one of Oda Nobunaga's daughters, Ei-hime
Apr 24 Xu Guangqi a Chinese scholar-bureaucrat, agricultural scientist, astronomer, and mathematician in the Ming Dynasty. Xu was a colleague and collaborator of the Italian Jesuits Matteo Ricci and Sabatino de Ursis and they translated several classic Western texts into Chinese, including part of Euclid's Elements. He was also the author of the Nong Zheng Quan Shu, one of the first comprehensive treatises on the subject of agriculture. He was one of the "Three Pillars of Chinese Catholicism". His current title is Servant of God
Apr 25 Friedrich Wilhelm I Duke of Saxe-Weimar a duke of Saxe-Weimar. He was the eldest son of Johann Wilhelm, Duke of Saxe-Weimar and Dorothea Susanne of Simmern
May 6 Pietro Bernini an Italian sculptor. He was the father of one of the most famous artists of Baroque, Gian Lorenzo Bernini
May 28 John William Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg a Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg.
Jun 24 François de Joyeuse a French churchman and politician.
Aug 24 Chidiock Tichborne an English conspirator and poet.
Sep 21 Vincenzo Gonzaga Duke of Mantua ruler of the Duchy of Mantua and the Duchy of Montferrat from 1587 to 1612.
Sep 24 Ercole Lord of Monaco Lord of Monaco from 17 May 1589 to 29 November 1604.
Oct 4 Christen Sørensen Longomontanus a Danish astronomer.
Oct 19 George Abbot (bishop) an English divine who was Archbishop of Canterbury from 1611 to 1633. He also served as the fourth Chancellor of Trinity College, Dublin, from 1612 to 1633
Nov 25 Lope de Vega a Spanish playwright and poet. He was one of the key figures in the Spanish Golden Century of Baroque literature. His reputation in the world of Spanish literature is second only to that of Cervantes, while the sheer volume of his literary output is unequalled, making him one of the most prolific authors in the history of literature