Born in 1563

Jan 19 Leonhard Hutter a German Lutheran theologian.
Jan 30 Franciscus Gomarus a Dutch theologian, a strict Calvinist and an opponent of the teaching of Jacobus Arminius , whose theological disputes were addressed at the Synod of Dort.
Mar 5 John Coke an English office holder and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1621 and 1629.
Apr 15 Guru Arjan the first Sikh martyr and the fifth of the eleven Sikh Gurus, who compiled writings to create the eleventh, the living Guru, Guru Granth Sahib. He was born in Goindval, Punjab the youngest son of Guru Ram Das and Bibi Bhani, the daughter of Guru Amar Das. He was the first Sikh Guru killed by Muslims
Jun 1 Robert Cecil 1st Earl of Salisbury an English administrator and politician.
Jun 4 George Heriot a Scottish goldsmith and philanthropist. He is chiefly remembered today as founder of George Heriot's School, a large independent school in Edinburgh; his name has also been given to Heriot-Watt University, as well as several streets in the same city
Sep 4 Wanli Emperor the thirteenth emperor of the Ming Dynasty in China. His era name means "Ten thousand calendars". Born Zhu Yijun, he was the Longqing Emperor's third son. His rule of forty-eight years was the longest in the Ming dynasty and it witnessed the steady decline of the dynasty
Sep 15 Elisabeth of Anhalt-Zerbst a princess of Anhalt by birth and Electress of Brandenburg by marriage.
Sep 21 Henri Duke of Joyeuse a General in the French Wars of Religion and a member of the Catholic League, who was became ordained as a Capuchin after the death of his wife, Catherine de La Valette. He was the youngest brother of Anne de Joyeuse and François de Joyeuse
Oct 14 Jodocus Hondius a Flemish / Dutch engraver, and cartographer. He is best known for his early maps of the New World and Europe, for re-establishing the reputation of the work of Gerard Mercator, and for his portraits of Francis Drake. He helped establish Amsterdam as the center of cartography in Europe in the 17th century
Nov 8 Henry II Duke of Lorraine Duke of Lorraine from 1608 until his death. Leaving no sons, both of his daughters became Duchesses of Lorraine by marriage. He was a brother-in-law of Henry IV of France
Nov 19 Robert Sidney 1st Earl of Leicester a statesman of Elizabethan and Jacobean England. He was also a patron of the arts and an interesting poet. His mother, Mary Sidney née Dudley, was a lady-in-waiting to Queen Elizabeth I and a sister of Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester, an advisor and favourite of the Queen
Nov 28 Hosokawa Tadaoki a Japanese samurai warrior of the late Sengoku period and early Edo period.