1565 in history

1565 events chronologically

Jan 26 Battle of Talikota, fought between the Vijayanagara Empire and the Islamic sultanates of the Deccan, leads to the subjugation, and eventual destruction of the last Hindu kingdom in India, and the consolidation of Islamic rule over much of the Indian subcontinent
Mar 1 The city of Rio de Janeiro is founded
Apr 27 Cebu is established becoming the first Spanish settlement in the Philippines
May 18 The Royal Audiencia of Concepción is created by a decree of Philip II of Spain
May 18 The Great Siege of Malta begins, in which Ottoman forces attempt and fail to conquer Malta
Jun 17 Matsunaga Hisahide assassinates the 13th Ashikaga shogun, Ashikaga Yoshiteru
Jun 23 Turgut Reis (Dragut), commander of the Ottoman navy, dies during the Siege of Malta

Born in 1565

Apr 2 Cornelis de Houtman a Dutch explorer who discovered a new sea route from Europe to Indonesia and managed to begin the Dutch spice trade. At the time, the Portuguese Empire held a monopoly on the spice trade, and the voyage was a symbolic victory for the Dutch, even though the voyage itself was a disaster
Aug 16 Christina of Lorraine a member of the House of Lorraine and was the Grand Duchess of Tuscany by marriage. She served as Regent of Tuscany jointly with her daughter-in-law during the minority of her grandson from 1621
Sep 28 Alessandro Tassoni an Italian poet and writer.
Nov 10 Robert Devereux 2nd Earl of Essex an English nobleman and a favourite of Elizabeth Politically ambitious, and a committed general, he was placed under house arrest following a poor campaign in Ireland during the Nine Years' War in 1599. In 1601, he led an abortive coup d'état against the government and was executed for treason
Nov 10 Laurentius Paulinus Gothus a Swedish theologian, astronomer and Archbishop of Uppsala.

Top 7 most famous people died in 1565

Jun 23 Turgut Reis an Ottoman Greek Admiral and privateer who also served as Bey of Algiers; Beylerbey of the Mediterranean; and first Bey, later Pasha, of Tripoli. Under his naval command the Ottoman Empire's maritime power was extended across North Africa. When Turgut was serving as pasha, he adorned and built up the city of Tripoli, making it one of the most impressive cities along the North African Coast. Known in different languages under such names as Dragut or Darghouth , the name in Turkey is Turgut Reis
Sep 13 William Farel a French evangelist, and a founder of the Reformed Church in the cantons of Neuchâtel, Berne, Geneva, and Vaud in Switzerland. He is most often remembered for having persuaded John Calvin to remain in Geneva in 1536, and for persuading him to return there in 1541, after their expulsion in 1538. They influenced the government of Geneva to the point that it became the "Protestant Rome", where Protestants took refuge and non-Protestants were driven out. Together with Calvin, Farel worked to train missionary preachers who spread the Protestant cause to other countries, and especially to France
Sep 20 Cipriano de Rore a Franco-Flemish composer of the Renaissance, active in Italy. Not only was he a central representative of the generation of Franco-Flemish composers after Josquin des Prez who went to live and work in Italy, but he was one of the most prominent composers of madrigals in the middle of the 16th century. His experimental, chromatic, and highly expressive style had a decisive influence on the subsequent development of that secular music form
Oct 5 Lodovico Ferrari an Italian mathematician.
Oct 12 Jean Ribault a French naval officer, navigator, and a colonizer of what would become the southeastern United States. He was a major figure in the French attempts to colonize Florida. A Huguenot and officer under Admiral Gaspard de Coligny, Ribault led an expedition to the New World in 1562 that founded the outpost of Charlesfort on Parris Island in present-day South Carolina. Two years later, he took over command of the French colony of Fort Caroline in what is now Jacksonville, Florida. He and many of his followers were killed by Spanish soldiers near Augustine 1565
Dec 9 Pope Pius IV Pope from 25 December 1559 to his death in 1565. He is known for presiding over the final session of the Council of Trent
Dec 13 Conrad Gessner a Swiss naturalist and bibliographer. He was well known as a botanist, physician and classical linguist. His five-volume Historiae animalium is considered the beginning of modern zoology, and the flowering plant genus Gesneria and its family Gesneriaceae are named after him. A genus of moths is also named Gesneria after him. He is denoted by the author abbreviation Gesner when citing a botanical name