Born in 1568

Jan 20 Daniel Cramer a German Lutheran theologian and writer from Reetz , Brandenburg. He was an opponent of the Ramists and the Jesuits
Jan 28 Gustav of Sweden (1568–1607) a Swedish prince, the son of Eric XIV and Karin Månsdotter.
Feb 2 Péter Révay a Hungarian nobleman, Royal Crown Guard for the Holy Crown of Hungary, poet, state official, soldier and historian. He was the grandson of Ferenc Révay
Feb 11 Honoré d'Urfé a French novelist and miscellaneous writer.
Mar 9 Aloysius Gonzaga an Italian aristocrat who became a member of the Society of Jesus. While still a student at the Roman College, he died as a result of caring for the victims of an epidemic. He was beatified in 1605, and canonized in 1726
Apr 5 Pope Urban VIII Pope from 6 August 1623 to his death in 1644. He was the last pope to expand the papal territory by force of arms, and was a prominent patron of the arts and reformer of Church missions
Apr 21 Frederick II Duke of Holstein-Gottorp a Danish-German nobleman. He was the eldest son of Duke Adolf of Holstein-Gottorp and his wife, Christine of Hesse
Apr 28 Teodósio II Duke of Braganza a Portuguese nobleman. He is known for his allegiance to King Philip I of Portugal
May 29 Virginia de' Medici an illegitimate daughter of Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany and Camilla Martelli. She was the Duchess of Modena and Reggio by marriage to Cesare d'Este, Duke of Modena
Jun 5 Philip de Montmorency Count of Horn a victim of the Inquisition in the Spanish Netherlands.
Jun 6 Sophie of Brandenburg a Princess of Brandenburg and by marriage Electress of Saxony. From 1591 she was the regent of Saxony during the minority of her son Christian II
Jun 25 Gunilla Bielke Queen of Sweden as the second spouse King John III. Queen Gunilla is acknowledged to have acted as the political adviser to John III and to have influenced his religious policies in favor of Protestantism
Aug 27 Hercule Duke of Montbazon a member of the princely House of Rohan. The second Duke of Montbazon, he is an ancestor of the present Princes of Guéméné. His daughter was the famous Frondeur the duchesse de Chevreuse. He was a Peer of France
Sep 3 Adriano Banchieri an Italian composer, music theorist, organist and poet of the late Renaissance and early Baroque eras. He founded the Accademia dei Floridi in Bologna
Sep 5 Tommaso Campanella an Italian philosopher, theologian, astrologer, and poet.
Oct 2 Marin Getaldić a scientist from the Republic of Ragusa. A mathematician and physicist who studied in Italy, England and Belgium, his best results are mainly in physics, especially optics, and mathematics. He was one of the few students of François Viète
Nov 6 Herman of Kazan and Svyazhsk an archbishop of Kazan and later candidate Metropolitan of Moscow.