Born in 1569

Mar 28 Ranuccio I Farnese Duke of Parma reigned as Duke of Parma, Piacenza and Castro from 1592. A firm believer in absolute monarchy, Ranuccio, in 1594, centralised the administration of Parma and Piacenza, thus rescinding the nobles' hitherto vast prerogative. He is best remembered for the "Great Justice" of 1612, which saw the executions of a large number of Piacentine nobles suspected of plotting against him. Because one of the conspirators, Gianfrancesco Sanvitale, falsely implicated several Italian princes, namely Vincenzo Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua and Cesare d'Este, Duke of Modena, in the plot, Vincenzo and Cesare's names appeared on the list of conspirators during formal court proceedings; as a result, Ranuccio's reputation among the rulers of Italy was irreparably damaged because it was evident that he gave credence to Gianfrancesco's obviously false confession. When, consequently, in the early 1620s, Ranuccio was looking for a bride for his younger legitimate son and heir, Odoardo, none of the Italian ruling families were forthcoming with princesses. He did, however, manage to engineer a match with Margherita de' Medici, daughter of Cosimo II of Tuscany
Apr 10 Countess Emilia of Nassau the third and youngest daughter of William the Silent and his second wife Anna of Saxony.
Apr 16 John Davies (poet) an English poet, lawyer, and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1597 and 1621. He became Attorney General for Ireland and formulated many of the legal principles that underpinned the British Empire
May 16 Dirk Willems most famous for escaping from prison, turning around to rescue his pursuer—who had fallen through thin ice while chasing Willems—to then be recaptured, tortured and killed for his faith.
Jun 1 Sophia of Holstein-Gottorp regent of the Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin from 1603 to 1608.
Jul 30 Karl I Prince of Liechtenstein the first Liechtenstein to become the Prince of Liechtenstein, thus he was the founder of the Princely Family of Liechtenstein.
Aug 30 Jahangir the fourth Mughal Emperor who ruled from 1605 until his death in 1627.
Oct 18 Giambattista Marino an Italian poet who was born in Naples. He is most famous for his long epic L'Adone
Nov 11 Martin Ruland the Younger a German physician and alchemist.
Nov 16 Paul Sartorius (composer) a German composer and organist.
Nov 18 Antonio Marcello Barberini an Italian cardinal and the younger brother of Maffeo Barberini, later Pope Urban VIII. He is sometimes referred to as Antonio the Elder to distinguish him from his nephew Antonio Barberini
Nov 25 Friedrich Kettler Duke of Courland from 1587 to 1642.