Died in 1571

Jan 3 Joachim II Hector Elector of Brandenburg a Prince-elector of the Margraviate of Brandenburg. A member of the House of Hohenzollern, Joachim II was the son of Joachim I Nestor, Elector of Brandenburg, and his wife Elizabeth of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden
Jan 9 Nicolas Durand de Villegaignon a Commander of the Knights of Malta, and later a French naval officer who attempted to help the Huguenots in France escape persecution.
Jan 13 John Margrave of Brandenburg-Küstrin a member of the House of Hohenzollern and a Margrave of Brandenburg-Küstrin.
Jan 19 Paris Bordone an Italian painter of the Venetian Renaissance who, despite training with Titian, maintained a strand of mannerist complexity and provincial vigor.
Feb 12 Nicholas Throckmorton an English diplomat and politician, who was an ambassador to France and played a key role in the relationship between Elizabeth I and Mary, Queen of Scots.
Feb 13 Benvenuto Cellini an Italian goldsmith, sculptor, draftsman, soldier and musician, who also wrote a famous autobiography. He was one of the most important artists of Mannerism
Feb 14 Odet de Coligny a French cardinal of Châtillon, bishop of Beauvais, son of Gaspard I de Coligny and Louise de Montmorency, and brother of Gaspard and François, Seigneur d'Andelot.
Mar 6 Tsukahara Bokuden a famous swordsman of the early Sengoku period. He was widely regarded as a kensei. He was the founder of a new Kashima style of fencing, and served as an instructor of Shogun Ashikaga Yoshiteru and Ise provincial governor Tomonori Kitabatake
Mar 14 John Sigismund Zápolya King of Hungary from 1540 to 1551 and again from 1556 to 1570. He reigned over the "Eastern Hungarian Kingdom", as historians call the area which recognized as King his father and then him, instead of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria, who ruled western Hungary
Mar 20 Giovanni Animuccia an Italian composer of the Renaissance and was involved in the heart of Rome’s liturgical musical life, and one of Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina's most important contemporaries. As the first maestro di capella of St Philip Neri's Oratory and magister cantorum of the Capella Giulia, he was composing music at the very centre of the Roman Catholic Church, during the turbulent reforms of the Counter-Reformation and as part of the new movements that began to flourish around the middle of the century. His music reflects these changes
Mar 21 Hans Asper a Swiss painter.
Apr 6 John Hamilton (archbishop of St Andrews) The Most Rev. John Hamilton , Scottish prelate and politician, was an illegitimate son of James Hamilton, 1st Earl of Arran
May 4 Frederick Casimir of Cieszyn a Polish prince member of the House of Piast in the Cieszyn branch and ruler over Fryštát, Skoczów , and Bielsko.
May 9 Otte Brahe a Danish nobleman and statesman, who served on the privy council. He was married to Beate Clausdatter Bille and was the father of astronomer Tycho Brahe
Jun 1 John Story an English Roman Catholic martyr.
Jul 6 Mōri Motonari a prominent daimyō in the west Chūgoku region of Japan during the Sengoku period of the 16th century.
Jul 15 Shimazu Takahisa a daimyo during Japan's Sengoku period. He was the fifteenth head of the Shimazu clan
Jul 17 Georg Fabricius a Protestant German poet, historian and archaeologist.
Jul 21 Martim Afonso de Sousa a Portuguese fidalgo, explorer and colonial administrator.
Aug 4 Astorre Baglioni an Italian condottiero and military commander.
Aug 17 Marco Antonio Bragadin a Venetian lawyer and military officer of the Republic of Venice.
Sep 4 Matthew Stewart 4th Earl of Lennox the 4th Earl of Lennox, and leader of the Catholic nobility in Scotland. He was the son of John Stewart, 3rd Earl of Lennox. His grandson was James VI of Scotland
Sep 23 John Jewel an English bishop of Salisbury.
Oct 7 Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg consort of Christian III from 1525 and Queen consort of Denmark and Norway. She was daughter of Duke Magnus I of Saxe-Lauenburg and Catherine, daughter of Henry IV, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg. Her sister Catherine was the first consort of Gustav I of Sweden
Oct 21 Hōjō Ujiyasu the son of Hōjō Ujitsuna and a daimyō of the Odawara Hōjō clan. His only known wife was Imagawa Yoshimoto's sister, Suikeiin
Nov 13 Marfa Sobakina Tsaritsa of the Tsardom of Russia and was the third wife of Ivan the Terrible. The daughter of a Novgorod based merchant Vasiliy Sobakin, Marfa was selected by Ivan among 12 marriage finalists. A few days after her selection, Marfa began to succumb to a mysterious ailment. It was rumoured that she was unintentionally poisoned by her mother, who gave her a potion supposedly meant to increase her fertility. Despite rapidly losing weight and barely standing, Marfa was nonetheless married to Ivan on 28 October 1571 in Aleksandrovska Sloboda. Marfa died a few days later. Her death increased her husband's paranoia, because she died in what was meant to be an impregnable fortress filled with loyal subjects. Ivan, remembering the death of his first wife, immediately suspected poison and put to death many of his subjects, including Mikail Temjruk who was impaled
Nov 24 Jan Blahoslav a Czech humanistic writer, poet, translator, etymologist, hymnographer, grammarian, music theorist and composer. He was a Unity of the Brethren bishop, and translated the New Testament into Czech in 1564. This was incorporated into the Bible of Kralice
Nov 30 François de Scépeaux a French governor, diplomat, ambassador, conseillé du roi and marshal under king Francis I of France. He was also a prominent figure in the French Wars of Religion between the Protestant Huguenots and the Catholics