Died in 1572

Feb 8 Cho Shik a Korean Joseon Dynasty Neo-Confucian scholar, educator, and poet. He had a major influence on the Easterners and the Northerners
Feb 23 Pierre Certon a French composer of the Renaissance. He was a representative of the generation after Josquin and Mouton, and was influential in the late development of the French chanson
Feb 28 Catherine of Austria Queen of Poland Queen of Poland and Grand Duchess of Lithuania, being the last consort of King Sigismund II Augustus.
Feb 28 Aegidius Tschudi an eminent member of the Tschudi family, of Glarus, Switzerland. His best known work is the Chronicon Helveticum, a history of the early Swiss Confederation
Mar 2 Mem de Sá a Governor-General of the Portuguese colony of Brazil from 1557-1572.
Mar 5 Giulio Campi an Italian painter and architect. His brothers Vincenzo Campi and Antonio Campi were also renowned painters
Mar 13 Petar Hektorović a Croatian writer.
Mar 27 Girolamo Maggi an Italian scholar, jurist, poet, military engineer, urban planner, philologist, archaeologist, mathematician, and naturalist who studied at Bologna under Francis Robortello. He authored several works, including a collection of poems on the Flemish wars, , one detailing military fortifications , and several on the subject of philosophy
Apr 12 Jean Crespin a French Protestant lawyer who became a significant printer and martyrologist in Geneva.
May 1 Pope Pius V Pope from 8 January 1566 to his death in 1572. He is venerated as a saint of the Roman Catholic Church. He is chiefly notable for his role in the Council of Trent, the Counter-Reformation, and the standardization of the Roman rite within the Latin Church. Pius V declared Thomas Aquinas a Doctor of the Church and patronized prominent sacred music composer Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina
May 11 Moses Isserles also well known for his Darkhei Moshe commentary on the Tur. Isserles is also referred to as the Rema, , the Hebrew acronym for Rabbi Moses Isserles
Jun 2 Thomas Howard 4th Duke of Norfolk an English nobleman.
Jun 9 Jeanne d'Albret the queen regnant of Navarre from 1555 to 1572. She married Antoine de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme, and was the mother of Henry of Bourbon, who became King Henry III of Navarre and King Henry IV of France, the first Bourbon king of France. She became the Duchess of Vendôme by marriage
Jun 28 Johannes Goropius Becanus a Dutch physician, linguist, and humanist.
Jul 4 Hasan Pasha (son of Barbarossa) the son of Hayreddin Barbarossa and three-times Beylerbey of the Regency of Algiers. His mother was a Morisco. He succeeded his father as ruler of Algiers, and replaced Barbarossa's deputy Hasan Agha who had been effectively holding the position of ruler of Algiers since 1533
Jul 5 Longqing Emperor the twelfth emperor of the Ming dynasty of China from 1567 to 1572. He was created Prince of Yu in 1539. His era name means "Great celebration"
Jul 7 Sigismund II Augustus King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania, the only son of Sigismund I the Old, whom Sigismund II succeeded in 1548. Married three times, the last of the Jagiellons remained childless, and through the Union of Lublin introduced an elective monarchy
Jul 25 Isaac Luria a foremost rabbi and Jewish mystic in the community of Safed in the Galilee region of Ottoman Palestine. He is considered the father of contemporary Kabbalah, his teachings being referred to as Lurianic Kabbalah. While his direct literary contribution to the Kabbalistic school of Safed was extremely minute , his spiritual fame led to their veneration and the acceptance of his authority. The works of his disciples compiled his oral teachings into writing. Every custom of the Ari was scrutinized, and many were accepted, even against previous practice
Aug 20 Miguel López de Legazpi a Basque Spanish navigator and governor who established the first Spanish settlement in the East Indies when his expedition crossed the Pacific Ocean from the Viceroyalty of New Spain in modern-day Mexico, and founded Cebu on the Philippine Islands in 1565. He was the first Governor-General of Spanish East Indies which included the Philippines and other Pacific archipelagos, namely Guam and the Marianas Islands. After obtaining peace with various indigenous nations and kingdoms, Miguel López de Legazpi made Manila the capital of the Spanish East Indies in 1571. The capital of the province of Albay in the Philippines, Legazpi City bears his name
Aug 22 Thomas Percy 7th Earl of Northumberland executed for treason. He was later beatified by the Catholic Church
Aug 24 Charles de Téligny a French soldier and diplomat.
Aug 24 Gaspard II de Coligny a French nobleman and admiral, best remembered as a disciplined Huguenot leader in the French Wars of Religion.
Aug 26 Petrus Ramus an influential French humanist, logician, and educational reformer. A Protestant convert, he was killed during the Bartholomew's Day Massacre
Sep 19 Archduchess Barbara of Austria born in Vienna to Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor and Anna of Bohemia and Hungary. From 1547, in Innsbruck with her sisters Magdalena, Margareta, Helena and Johanna, she received a deeply religious upbringing
Sep 30 Francis Borgia 4th Duke of Gandía a Grandee of Spain, a Spanish Jesuit, and third Superior General of the Society of Jesus. He was canonized on 20 June 1670 by Pope Clement X
Oct 24 Edward Stanley 3rd Earl of Derby an English nobleman.
Nov 9 Hrehory Chodkiewicz a nobleman and military officer of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. He was a son of Aleksander, brother of Hieronim and Yurii, and uncle of Jan Hieronimowicz Chodkiewicz. He commanded the Lithuanian army during the later part of the Livonian War after he had become the Great Lithuanian Hetman in 1566
Nov 23 Bronzino an Italian Mannerist painter from Florence. His sobriquet, Bronzino, in all probability refers to his relatively dark skin
Nov 24 John Knox considered the founder of the Presbyterian denomination in Scotland. He is believed to have been educated at the University of St Andrews and worked as a notary-priest. Influenced by early church reformers such as George Wishart, he joined the movement to reform the Scottish church. He was caught up in the ecclesiastical and political events that involved the murder of Cardinal Beaton in 1546 and the intervention of the regent of Scotland Mary of Guise. He was taken prisoner by French forces the following year and exiled to England on his release in 1549
Dec 2 Ippolito II d'Este an Italian cardinal and statesman. He was a member of the House of Este, and nephew of the other Ippolito d'Este, also a cardinal. He is perhaps best known for his despoliation of the then 1,400-year-old Hadrian's Villa, built by the Roman emperor Hadrian, removing marbles and statues from it to decorate his own villa, the Villa d'Este
Dec 22 François Clouet a French Renaissance miniaturist and painter, particularly known for his detailed portraits of the French ruling family.
Dec 30 Galeazzo Alessi an Italian architect from Perugia, known throughout Europe for his distinctive style based on his enthusiasm for ancient architecture. He studied drawing for civil and military architecture under the direction of Giovanni Battista Caporali