Born in 1573

Jan 1 Malyuta Skuratov one of the most odious leaders of the Oprichnina during the reign of Ivan the Terrible.
Jan 18 Ambrosius Bosschaert a still life painter of the Dutch Golden Age.
Jan 20 Simon Marius a German astronomer. He was born in Gunzenhausen, near Nuremberg, but he spent most of his life in the city of Ansbach
Jan 22 Sebastian Vrancx a Flemish Baroque painter and etcher of the Antwerp school.
Feb 28 Elias Holl the most important architect of late German Renaissance architecture.
Apr 6 Margaret of Brunswick-Lüneburg a German noblewoman member of the House of Welf and by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Coburg.
Apr 13 Christina of Holstein-Gottorp a Queen Consort of Sweden as consort of king Charles IX of Sweden, mother of king Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden, and a Regent of Sweden. She served as regent in 1605, during the absence of her spouse, and in 1611, during the minority of her son
Apr 17 Maximilian I Elector of Bavaria a Wittelsbach ruler of Bavaria and a prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire. His reign was marked by the Thirty Years' War
Apr 26 Marie de' Medici Queen of France as the second wife of King Henry IV of France, of the House of Bourbon. She herself was a member of the wealthy and powerful House of Medici. Following the assassination of her husband in 1610, which occurred the day after her coronation, she acted as regent for her son, King Louis XIII of France, until he came of age. She was noted for her ceaseless political intrigues at the French court and extensive artistic patronage
Apr 28 Charles de Valois Duke of Angoulême the Duke of Angoulême and the illegitimate son of Charles IX of France and Marie Touchet; born at the Château de Fayet in Dauphiné. His father, dying in the following year, commended him to the care and favour of his younger brother and successor, Henry III, who faithfully fulfilled the charge. His mother married François de Balzac, marquis d'Entragues, and one of her daughters, Henriette, marquise de Verneuil, afterwards became the mistress of Henry IV
May 12 Henri Duke of Montpensier Dauphin of Auvergne, Duke of Montpensier, Sovereign Prince of the Dombes and Lord of Châtellerault.
Jul 12 Pietro Carrera chess player, historian, priest and Italian author, born in Sicily, in Militello in Val di Catania , located in the Valley of Noto; here he grew up in the old colony of San Vito. He was born on July 12, 1573, he was the son of Donna Antonia Severino and Mariano Carrera, a traditional craftsman who entered the priesthood after his wife's death. During his studies in the Seminario Diocesiano of Siracusa, he had the opportunity to visit many different Sicilian cities. As a result of his travels he met Paolo Boi, so-called "The Siracusan", in the town of Palermo during 1597
Jul 15 Inigo Jones the first significant British architect of the early modern period, and the first to employ Vitruvian rules of proportion and symmetry in his buildings. He left his mark on London by single buildings, such as the Banqueting House, Whitehall, and in area design for Covent Garden square which became a model for future developments in the West End. He made major contributions to stage design by his work as theatrical designer for several dozen masques, most by royal command and many in collaboration with Ben Jonson
Jul 25 Christoph Scheiner a Jesuit priest, physicist and astronomer in Ingolstadt.
Aug 16 Anne of Austria Queen of Poland queen consort of Poland and Sweden by marriage to King Sigismund III Vasa.
Aug 25 Elizabeth of Denmark Duchess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel duchess consort of Brunswick-Lüneburg as married to Duke Henry Julius of Brunswick-Lüneburg. She was regent of Brunswick-Lüneburg in 1616-1622
Oct 6 Henry Wriothesley 3rd Earl of Southampton the only son of Henry Wriothesley, 2nd Earl of Southampton, and Mary Browne, daughter of Anthony Browne, 1st Viscount Montagu. Shakespeare's two narrative poems, Venus and Adonis and The Rape of Lucrece, were dedicated to Southampton, who is generally identified as the Fair Youth of Shakespeare's Sonnets
Oct 7 William Laud an English churchman and academic, Archbishop of Canterbury from 1633, during the personal rule of Charles Arrested in 1640, he was executed in 1645.
Dec 24 Takuan Sōhō a major figure in the Rinzai school of Zen Buddhism.