1574 in history

1574 events chronologically

May 30 Henry III becomes King of France
Aug 30 Guru Ram Das becomes the Fourth Sikh Guru/Master
Oct 3 The Siege of Leiden is lifted by the Watergeuzen
Nov 22 Discovery of the Juan Fernández Islands off Chile

Top 7 most famous people born in 1574

Jan 17 Robert Fludd a prominent English Paracelsian physician. He is remembered as an astrologer, mathematician, cosmologist, Qabalist and Rosicrucian apologist
Mar 5 William Oughtred The Rev. William Oughtred was an English mathematician and Anglican minister
May 6 Pope Innocent X pope from 15 September 1644 to his death in 1655.
Jul 1 Joseph Hall (bishop) an English bishop, satirist and moralist. His contemporaries knew him as a devotional writer, and a high-profile controversialist of the early 1640s. In church politics, he tended in fact to a middle way
Aug 13 Samuel de Champlain a French navigator, cartographer, draughtsman, soldier, explorer, geographer, ethnologist, diplomat, and chronicler. He founded New France and Quebec City on July 3, 1608. He is important to Canadian history because he made the first accurate map of the coast and he helped establish the settlements
Dec 8 Maria Anna of Bavaria (1574–1616) daughter of William V, Duke of Bavaria and Renata of Lorraine.
Dec 12 Anne of Denmark Queen consort of Scotland, England, and Ireland as the wife of James VI and I.

Top 7 most famous people died in 1574

Apr 21 Cosimo I de' Medici Grand Duke of Tuscany the second Duke of Florence from 1537 until 1569, when he became the first Grand Duke of Tuscany.
May 30 Charles IX of France a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 1560 until his death. He ascended the throne of France upon the death of his brother Francis II
Jun 27 Giorgio Vasari an Italian painter, architect, writer and historian, most famous today for his Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects, considered the ideological foundation of art-historical writing.
Aug 27 Bartolomeo Eustachi one of the founders of the science of human anatomy.
Sep 17 Pedro Menéndez de Avilés a Spanish admiral and explorer from the region of Asturias, Spain, remembered for planning the first regular trans-oceanic convoys and for founding Augustine, Florida in 1565. This was the first successful Spanish settlement in La Florida and the most significant city in the region for nearly three hundred years. Augustine is the oldest continuously inhabited European-established settlement in the continental United States. Menéndez subsequently became the first governor of Florida
Oct 1 Maarten van Heemskerck a Dutch portrait and religious painter, who spent most of his career in Haarlem. He was a pupil of Jan van Scorel, and adopted his teacher's Italian-influenced style. He spent the years 1532–6 in Italy. He produced many designs for engravers, and is especially known for his depictions of the Wonders of the World
Dec 4 Georg Joachim Rheticus a mathematician, cartographer, navigational-instrument maker, medical practitioner, and teacher. He is perhaps best known for his trigonometric tables and as Nicolaus Copernicus's sole pupil. He facilitated the publication of his master's De revolutionibus orbium coelestium