Born in 1575

Jan 22 Louis III Cardinal of Guise the third son of Henry I, Duke of Guise and Catherine of Cleves.
Feb 4 Pierre de Bérulle Cong. Orat. , was a French Catholic priest, cardinal and statesman, one of the most important mystics of the 17th century in France, and founder of the French school of spirituality, who could count among his friends and disciples Vincent de Paul and Francis de Sales
Feb 27 John Adolf Duke of Holstein-Gottorp a Duke of Holstein-Gottorp.
Apr 21 Francesco Molin the 99th Doge of Venice, reigning from his election on January 20, 1646 until his death. Molin's reign is notable because of Venice's participation in a prolonged war with the Ottoman Empire over Crete; this war was begun during the reign of Molin's predecessor Francesco Erizzo, and dragged on until 1669. To fund the cost of this war, Molin sold access to the Venetian patriciate at a cost of 100,000 ducats per person
Jun 26 Anne Catherine of Brandenburg queen-consort of Denmark and Norway from 1597 to 1612 as the first spouse of King Christian IV of Denmark.
Jul 14 Augustus Prince of Anhalt-Plötzkau a German prince of the House of Ascania and ruler of the unified principality of Anhalt. From 1603, he was ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Plötzkau
Aug 12 James Hamilton 1st Earl of Abercorn a Scottish peer.
Aug 14 Robert Hayman a poet, colonist and Proprietary Governor of Bristol's Hope colony in Newfoundland.
Aug 15 Bartol Kašić Jesuit clergyman and grammarian during the Counter-Reformation, who wrote the first Croatian grammar and translated the Bible and the Roman Rite into Croatian.
Nov 4 Guido Reni an Italian painter of high-Baroque style.
Dec 18 Michelagnolo Galilei an Italian composer and lutenist of the late Renaissance and early Baroque eras, active mainly in Bavaria and Poland. He was the son of music theorist and lutenist Vincenzo Galilei, and the younger brother of the renowned astronomer Galileo Galilei