Born in 1576

Jan 12 Petrus Scriverius a Dutch writer and scholar on the history of Holland and Belgium.
Mar 31 Countess Louise Juliana of Nassau the eldest daughter of William of Nassau, Prince of Orange and his third spouse Charlotte de Bourbon-Montpensier.
May 27 Caspar Schoppe a German controversialist and scholar.
May 30 Harada Naomasa a samurai retainer of the Oda clan. He was also called Kurozaemon and was referred by the title of Bitchu no Kami. Initially he had the family name of Ban , but in 1575 received the name of a respected clan, Harada, which he took as his own
Jun 6 Giovanni Diodati a Swiss-born Italian Calvinist theologian and translator. He was the first translator of the Bible into Italian from Hebrew and Greek sources
Jul 3 Duchess Anna of Prussia the daughter of Albert Frederick, Duke of Prussia, and Marie Eleonore of Cleves. She became the spouse of John Sigismund, Elector of Brandenburg
Oct 5 Roger Manners 5th Earl of Rutland the eldest surviving son of John Manners, 4th Earl of Rutland and his wife, Elizabeth nee Charleton. He travelled across Europe, took part in military campaigns led by Essex, and was a participant of Essex's rebellion against Queen Elizabeth He was favoured by James I, and honoured by his contemporaries as a man of great intelligence and talent. He enjoyed the friendship of some of the most prominent writers and artists of the Elizabethan-Jacobean age. In 1603 he led an Embassy to Denmark, homeland of James' Queen Anne of Denmark
Oct 7 John Marston (poet) an English poet, playwright and satirist during the late Elizabethan and Jacobean periods. His career as a writer lasted a decade, and his work is remembered for its energetic and often obscure style, its contributions to the development of a distinctively Jacobean style in poetry, and its idiosyncratic vocabulary
Oct 12 Thomas Dudley a colonial magistrate who served several terms as governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Dudley was the chief founder of Newtowne, later Cambridge, Massachusetts, and built the town's first home. He provided land and funds to establish the Roxbury Latin School, and signed Harvard College's new charter during his 1650 term as governor. Dudley was a devout Puritan who was opposed to religious views not conforming with his. In this he was more rigid than other early Massachusetts leaders like John Winthrop, but less confrontational than John Endecott
Oct 25 Thomas Weelkes an English composer and organist. He became organist of Winchester College in 1598, moving to Chichester Cathedral. His works are chiefly vocal, and include madrigals, anthems and services
Oct 28 Rudolph Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst a German prince of the House of Ascania and ruler of the unified principality of Anhalt. From 1603, he was ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Zerbst
Nov 17 Roque González de Santa Cruz a Jesuit priest of Spanish descent, missionary among the Guarani people, in the Reductions of Paraguay. He was the son of Don Bartolomé González de Villaverde and Doña María de Santa Cruz who were Spanish nobles. Roque González spoke Guaraní fluently from an early age
Nov 27 Shimazu Tadatsune a tozama daimyo of Satsuma, the first to hold it as a formal fief under the Tokugawa shogunate, and the first Japanese to rule over the Ryūkyū Kingdom. As lord of Satsuma, he was among the most powerful lords in Japan at the time, and formally submitted to Tokugawa Ieyasu in 1602, to prove his loyalty, being rewarded as a result with the name Matsudaira Iehisa; Matsudaira being a branch family of the Tokugawa, and "Ie" of "Iehisa" being taken from "Ieyasu", this was a great honor. As of 1603, his holdings amounted to 605,000 koku
Dec 9 John Lowin an English actor.
Dec 20 John Sarkander a Polish and Moravian priest.