Born in 1577

Feb 6 Beatrice Cenci an Italian noblewoman. She is famous as the protagonist in events leading to a lurid murder trial in Rome that gave rise to an enduring legend about her
Feb 8 Robert Burton (scholar) an English scholar at Oxford University, best known for the classic The Anatomy of Melancholy. He was also the incumbent of St Thomas the Martyr, Oxford, and of Seagrave in Leicestershire
Mar 2 George Sandys an English traveller, colonist and poet.
Apr 12 Christian IV of Denmark a monarch of the House of Oldenburg who ruled as King of Denmark-Norway from 1588 to 1648. His reign of more than 59 years is the longest of all Danish monarchs
Apr 26 Countess Elisabeth of Nassau the second daughter of prince William of Orange and his third spouse Charlotte of Bourbon. She was Duchess of Bouillon by marriage
Jun 12 Paul Guldin a Swiss Jesuit mathematician and astronomer. He discovered the Guldinus theorem to determine the surface and the volume of a solid of revolution. Guldin was noted for his association with the German mathematician and astronomer Johannes Kepler
Jun 28 Peter Paul Rubens a Flemish Baroque painter, and a proponent of an extravagant Baroque style that emphasized movement, colour, and sensuality. He is well known for his Counter-Reformation altarpieces, portraits, landscapes, and history paintings of mythological and allegorical subjects
Jul 9 Thomas West 3rd Baron De La Warr the Englishman after whom the bay, the river, and, consequently, a Native American people and U.S. state, all later called "Delaware", were named. "De La Warr" is pronounced "Delaware"
Sep 24 Louis V Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt from 1596 to 1626.
Oct 6 Ferdinand of Bavaria (bishop) Prince-elector archbishop of the Archbishopric of Cologne from 1612 to 1650 as successor of Ernest of Bavaria. He was also prince-bishop of Hildesheim, Liège, Münster, and Paderborn
Oct 17 Dmitry Pozharsky Mikhaylovich Pozharsky , a Rurikid prince, led Russian forces against Polish-Lithuanian invaders in 1611-1612 towards the end of the Time of Troubles. He obtained from Mikhail I of Russia the unprecedented title Saviour of the Motherland
Oct 17 Cristofano Allori an Italian portrait painter of the late Florentine Mannerist school. Allori was born at Florence and received his first lessons in painting from his father, Alessandro Allori, but becoming dissatisfied with the hard anatomical drawing and cold coloring of the latter, he entered the studio of Gregorio Pagani, who was one of the leaders of the late Florentine school, which sought to unite the rich coloring of the Venetians with the Florentine attention to drawing. Allori also appears to have worked under Cigoli
Nov 4 François Leclerc du Tremblay a French Capuchin friar, confidant and agent of Cardinal Richelieu. He was the original éminence grise—the French term for a powerful advisor or decision-maker who operates secretly or unofficially
Nov 10 Jacob Cats a Dutch poet, humorist, jurist and politician. He is most famous for his emblem books
Nov 25 Piet Pieterszoon Hein a Dutch admiral and privateer for the Dutch Republic during the Eighty Years' War between the United Provinces and Spain.