1578 in history

1578 events chronologically

Apr 27 Duel of the Mignons claims the lives of two favourites of Henry III of France and two favorites of Henry I, Duke of Guise
May 31 King Henry III lays the first stone of the Pont Neuf (New Bridge), the oldest bridge of Paris, France
May 31 Martin Frobisher sails from Harwich in England to Frobisher Bay in Canada, eventually to mine fool's gold, used to pave streets in London
Aug 4 Battle of Al Kasr al Kebir: The Moroccans defeat the Portuguese. King Sebastian of Portugal is killed in the battle, leaving his elderly uncle, Cardinal Henry, as his heir. This initiates a succession crisis in Portugal

Top 7 most famous people born in 1578

Mar 18 Adam Elsheimer a German artist working in Rome who died at only thirty-two, but was very influential in the early 17th century. His relatively few paintings were small scale, nearly all painted on copper plates, of the type often known as cabinet paintings. They include a variety of light effects, and an innovative treatment of landscape. He was an influence on many other artists, including Rembrandt and Peter Paul Rubens
Apr 1 William Harvey an English physician. He was the first known to describe completely and in detail the systemic circulation and properties of blood being pumped to the brain and body by the heart, though earlier writers had provided precursors of the theory. After his death the William Harvey Hospital was constructed in the town of Ashford, several miles from his birthplace of Folkestone
Apr 14 Philip III of Spain King of Spain and Portugal.
Jul 9 Ferdinand II Holy Roman Emperor Holy Roman Emperor , King of Bohemia , and King of Hungary. His rule coincided with the Thirty Years' War
Aug 17 Francesco Albani an Italian Baroque painter who was active in Bologna , Rome , Bologna , Viterbo , Bologna , Rome , Bologna , Mantova , Roma and Florence.
Nov 4 Wolfgang Wilhelm Count Palatine of Neuburg a German Prince. He was Count palatine of Neuburg and Duke of Jülich and Berg
Dec 2 Agostino Agazzari an Italian composer and music theorist.

Top 7 most famous people died in 1578

Jan 5 Giulio Clovio an illuminator, miniaturist, and painter born in the Kingdom of Croatia, who was mostly active in Renaissance Italy. He is considered the greatest illuminator of the Italian High Renaissance, and arguably the last very notable artist in the long tradition of the illuminated manuscript, before some modern revivals
Feb 12 Catherine of Austria Queen of Portugal Queen of Portugal as wife of King John III, and regent during the minority of her grandson, King Sebastian, from 1557 until 1562.
Apr 11 Joanna of Austria Grand Duchess of Tuscany born an Archduchess of Austria as the youngest daughter of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor, and Anna of Bohemia and Hungary. By marriage, she was the Grand Princess of Tuscany and later the Grand Duchess of Tuscany. One of her daughters was Marie de Medici, second wife of King Henry IV of France
Apr 14 James Hepburn 4th Earl of Bothwell hereditary Lord High Admiral of Scotland. He is best known for his association with and subsequent marriage to Mary, Queen of Scots, as her third husband
Apr 19 Uesugi Kenshin a daimyo who ruled Echigo province in the Sengoku period of Japan.
Aug 4 Sebastian of Portugal King of Portugal and the Algarves from 11 June 1557 to 4 August 1578 and the penultimate Portuguese monarch of the House of Aviz.
Aug 11 Pedro Nunes a Portuguese mathematician, cosmographer, and professor, from a New Christian family. Nunes, considered to be one of the greatest mathematicians of his time, is best known for his contributions in the technical field of navigation, which was crucial to the Portuguese period of discoveries. He was the first to propose the idea of a loxodrome and was also the inventor of several measuring devices, including the nonius , named after his Latin surname