1579 in history

1579 events chronologically

Jan 6 The Union of Arras is signed
Jan 23 The Union of Utrecht forms a Protestant republic in the Netherlands
Jun 17 Sir Francis Drake claims a land he calls Nova Albion (modern California) for England
Jun 26 Livonian campaign of Stephen Báthory begins
Jul 8 Our Lady of Kazan, a holy icon of the Russian Orthodox Church, is discovered underground in the city of Kazan, Tatarstan

Top 7 most famous people born in 1579

Feb 9 Johannes Meursius a Dutch classical scholar and antiquary.
Mar 24 Tirso de Molina a Spanish Baroque dramatist, a poet and a Roman Catholic monk.
Apr 10 Augustus the Younger Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg. In the estate division of the House of Welf of 1635, he received the Principality of Wolfenbüttel
May 2 Tokugawa Hidetada the second shogun of the Tokugawa dynasty, who ruled from 1605 until his abdication in 1623. He was the third son of Tokugawa Ieyasu, the first shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate
Aug 23 Thomas Dempster a Scottish scholar and historian. Born into the aristocracy in Aberdeenshire, which comprises regions of both the Scottish highlands and the Scottish lowlands, he was sent abroad as a youth for his education. The Dempsters were Catholic in an increasingly Protestant country and had a reputation for being quarrelsome. Thomas' brother James, outlawed for an attack on his father, spent some years as a pirate in the northern islands, escaped by volunteering for military service in the Low Countries and was drawn and quartered there for insubordination. Thomas' father lost the family fortune in clan feuding and was beheaded for forgery
Nov 11 Frans Snyders a Flemish painter of animals and still lifes.
Dec 9 Martin de Porres O.P. was a lay brother of the Dominican Order who was beatified in 1837 by Pope Gregory XVI and canonized in 1962 by Pope John XXIII. He is the patron saint of mixed-race people and all those seeking interracial harmony

Top 7 most famous people died in 1579

Feb 5 Giovanni Battista Moroni a North Italian painter of the Late Renaissance period. He is also called Giambattista Moroni. Best known for his elegantly realistic portraits of the local nobility and clergy, he is considered one of the great portrait painters of sixteenth century Italy
Feb 16 Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada a Spanish explorer and conquistador in Colombia. He explored the northern part of South America. A well-educated lawyer he was one of the few intellectuals of the Spanish conquest. He was an effective organizer and leader, designed the first legislation for the government of the area, and was its historian. After 1569 he undertook explorations toward the east, but returned to New Granada in 1573, defeated and indebted and out of power. While successful in many of his exploits, he thus ended his career in failure; he has been suggested as a possible model for Cervantes' Don Quixote
Feb 20 Nicholas Bacon (Lord Keeper) an English politician during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I of England, notable as Lord Keeper of the Great Seal. He was the father of the philosopher and statesman Sir Francis Bacon
Aug 5 Stanislaus Hosius a Roman Catholic cardinal; from 1551, Prince-Bishop of the Bishopric of Warmia, Poland; from 1558, papal legate to the Holy Roman Emperor's Imperial Court in Vienna, Austria; from 1566, papal legate to Poland.
Oct 11 Sokollu Mehmed Pasha an Ottoman statesman. Born in Ottoman Bosnia into a Serbian Orthodox family, Mehmed was taken away at an early age as part of the Ottoman devşirme system of collection of Christian boys to be raised to serve as a janissary. These boys were forcefully converted into Islam, raised and educated, but in turn were offered great opportunities to excel and to rise within the Ottoman imperial system; Sokollu Mehmed Pasha is one of many that made the best of their careers
Nov 15 Ferenc Dávid a Transylvanian Nontrinitarian and Unitarian preacher, the founder of the Unitarian Church of Transylvania.
Nov 21 Thomas Gresham an English merchant and financier who worked for King Edward VI of England and for Edward's half-sisters, Queens Mary I and Elizabeth I.