Died in 1579

Feb 5 Giovanni Battista Moroni a North Italian painter of the Late Renaissance period. He is also called Giambattista Moroni. Best known for his elegantly realistic portraits of the local nobility and clergy, he is considered one of the great portrait painters of sixteenth century Italy
Feb 16 Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada a Spanish explorer and conquistador in Colombia. He explored the northern part of South America. A well-educated lawyer he was one of the few intellectuals of the Spanish conquest. He was an effective organizer and leader, designed the first legislation for the government of the area, and was its historian. After 1569 he undertook explorations toward the east, but returned to New Granada in 1573, defeated and indebted and out of power. While successful in many of his exploits, he thus ended his career in failure; he has been suggested as a possible model for Cervantes' Don Quixote
Feb 20 Nicholas Bacon (Lord Keeper) an English politician during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I of England, notable as Lord Keeper of the Great Seal. He was the father of the philosopher and statesman Sir Francis Bacon
Apr 13 Uesugi Norimasa a daimyō of feudal Japan, and held the post of Kantō Kanrei, the Shogun's deputy in the Kantō. He is perhaps best known as the adoptive father of Uesugi Kenshin, one of the most famous warlords in Japanese history
Apr 19 Uesugi Kagetora the seventh son of Hōjō Ujiyasu; he was adopted by Uesugi Kenshin, and was meant to be Kenshin's heir. However, in 1578, he was attacked in his castle at Ōtate by Uesugi Kagekatsu—Kagetora's respective brother-in-law—and was subsequently defeated. Kagetora committed suicide the following year
May 6 François de Montmorency the eldest son of the first Duc de Montmorency, Anne.
Jun 15 Simão Rodrigues a Portuguese Jesuit priest, , one of the co-founders of the Society of Jesus.
Jun 25 Hatano Hideharu the eldest son of Hatano Harumichi and the head of Hatano clan.
Jul 6 Takenaka Shigeharu also known as Hanbei , was a Japanese samurai during the Sengoku period of the 16th century.
Aug 4 Jan Hieronimowicz Chodkiewicz Grand Pantler of Lithuania 1559, general starost of Samogitia 1563, Elder of Samogitia 1564, starost of Telšiai and Plateliai 1566, Livonia Hetman and governor, Grand Marshal of Lithuania 1566, Kaunas starost 1569, Count on Szkłów 1568, Vilnius castellan 1574.
Aug 5 Stanislaus Hosius a Roman Catholic cardinal; from 1551, Prince-Bishop of the Bishopric of Warmia, Poland; from 1558, papal legate to the Holy Roman Emperor's Imperial Court in Vienna, Austria; from 1566, papal legate to Poland.
Sep 28 Márton Rakovszky modern-day Slovakia during the mid 16th century. He used the Rakóczy as pen-name, as the name of the family-estate was called "Rakouch," where the name "Rákóc" derives from
Oct 11 Sokollu Mehmed Pasha an Ottoman statesman. Born in Ottoman Bosnia into a Serbian Orthodox family, Mehmed was taken away at an early age as part of the Ottoman devşirme system of collection of Christian boys to be raised to serve as a janissary. These boys were forcefully converted into Islam, raised and educated, but in turn were offered great opportunities to excel and to rise within the Ottoman imperial system; Sokollu Mehmed Pasha is one of many that made the best of their careers
Oct 24 Albert V Duke of Bavaria Duke of Bavaria from 1550 until his death. He was born in Munich to William IV and Marie Jacobaea of Baden
Nov 4 Wenceslaus III Adam Duke of Cieszyn a Duke of Cieszyn from 1528 until his death.
Nov 15 Ferenc Dávid a Transylvanian Nontrinitarian and Unitarian preacher, the founder of the Unitarian Church of Transylvania.
Nov 21 Thomas Gresham an English merchant and financier who worked for King Edward VI of England and for Edward's half-sisters, Queens Mary I and Elizabeth I.
Dec 31 Walerian Protasewicz bishop of Lutsk and Vilnius. To combat Reformation he invited Jesuits to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. He funded the Jesuit college in Vilnius and obtained Papal and Royal privileges to convert the college into Vilnius University in 1579. The university soon became spiritual and cultural center of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania