1580 in history

1580 events chronologically

Apr 6 One of the largest earthquakes recorded in the history of England, Flanders, or Northern France, takes place
Jun 15 Philip II of Spain declares William the Silent to be an outlaw
Jul 12 The Ostrog Bible, one of the early printed Bibles in a Slavic language, is published
Aug 25 Battle of Alcântara. Spain defeats Portugal
Sep 26 Sir Francis Drake finishes his circumnavigation of the Earth
Oct 10 Over 600 Papal soldiers land at Dún an Óir, Ireland to support a rebellion
Nov 10 After a three-day siege, the English Army beheads over 600 Papal soldiers and civilians at Dún an Óir, Ireland

Top 7 most famous people born in 1580

Jan 12 Jan Baptist van Helmont a Flemish chemist, physiologist, and physician. He worked during the years just after Paracelsus and iatrochemistry, and is sometimes considered to be "the founder of pneumatic chemistry". Van Helmont is remembered today largely for his ideas on spontaneous generation, his 5-year tree experiment, and his introduction of the word "gas" into the vocabulary of scientists
May 6 Charles Gonzaga Duke of Mantua and Montferrat Duke of Mantua and Duke of Montferrat from 1627 until his death. He was also Duke of Rethel and Nevers, as well as Prince of Arches
Jun 9 Daniel Heinsius one of the most famous scholars of the Dutch Renaissance.
Jun 13 Willebrord Snellius a Dutch astronomer and mathematician, known in the English-speaking world as Snell. In the west, especially the English speaking countries, his name has been attached to the law of refraction of light for several centuries, but it is now known that this law was first discovered by Ibn Sahl in 984. The same law was also investigated by Ptolemy and in the Middle Ages by Witelo, but due to lack of adequate mathematical instruments their results were saved as tables, not functions
Sep 14 Francisco de Quevedo a Spanish nobleman, politician and writer of the Baroque era. Along with his lifelong rival, Luis de Góngora, Quevedo was one of the most prominent Spanish poets of the age. His style is characterized by what was called conceptismo. This style existed in stark contrast to Góngora's culteranismo
Oct 30 Dirk Hartog a 17th-century Dutch sailor and explorer. Dirk Hartog's expedition was the second European group to land on Australian soil, He was the first to leave behind an artifact to record his visit, the Hartog plate. His name is sometimes alternatively spelled Dirck Hartog or Dierick Hartochsz. Ernest Giles referred to him as Theodoric Hertoge. Born into a seafaring family, at the age of 30 he received his first ship's command, and spent several years engaged in successful trading ventures in the Baltic and Mediterranean seas
Dec 1 Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc a French astronomer, antiquary and savant, who maintained a wide correspondence with scientists, and was a successful organizer of scientific inquiry. His research included a determination of the difference in longitude of various locations in Europe, around the Mediterranean, and in North Africa

Top 7 most famous people died in 1580

Jan 31 Henry King of Portugal King of Portugal and the Algarves and a cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He ruled Portugal between 1578 and 1580, and was known as Henry the Chaste
Feb 3 Mahidevran Sultan a wife of Suleiman the Magnificent and the mother of Şehzade Mustafa, Şehzade Ahmed and Raziye Sultan.
Jun 10 Luís de Camões considered Portugal's and the Portuguese language's greatest poet. His mastery of verse has been compared to that of Shakespeare, Vondel, Homer, Virgil and Dante. He wrote a considerable amount of lyrical poetry and drama but is best remembered for his epic work Os Lusíadas. His collection of poetry The Parnasum of Luís de Camões was lost in his lifetime. The influence of his masterpiece Os Lusíadas is so profound that Portuguese is called the "language of Camões"
Aug 19 Andrea Palladio an Italian architect active in the Republic of Venice. Palladio, influenced by Roman and Greek architecture, primarily by Vitruvius, is widely considered the most influential individual in the history of Western architecture. All of his buildings are located in what was the Venetian Republic, but his teachings, summarized in the architectural treatise, The Four Books of Architecture, gained him wide recognition. The city of Vicenza and the Palladian Villas of the Veneto are UNESCO World Heritage Sites
Aug 30 Emmanuel Philibert Duke of Savoy Duke of Savoy from 1553 to 1580.
Sep 19 Catherine Willoughby 12th Baroness Willoughby de Eresby an English noblewoman living at the royal courts of King Henry VIII, King Edward VI and later, Queen Elizabeth She was the fourth wife of Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk, who acted as her legal guardian during his third marriage to Mary Tudor, the younger sister of Henry VIII. Her second husband was Richard Bertie, a member of her household. Following Charles Brandon's death in 1545, it was rumoured that King Henry had considered marrying Catherine as his seventh wife, while he was still married to his sixth wife, Catherine Parr, who was Catherine's close friend
Oct 26 Anna of Austria Queen of Spain Queen of Spain by virtue of her marriage to her uncle, King Philip II of Spain.