Died in 1580

Jan 31 Henry King of Portugal King of Portugal and the Algarves and a cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He ruled Portugal between 1578 and 1580, and was known as Henry the Chaste
Feb 2 Bessho Nagaharu a Japanese daimyo of the Sengoku period. He was the eldest son of Bessho Yasuharu
Feb 3 Mahidevran Sultan a wife of Suleiman the Magnificent and the mother of Şehzade Mustafa, Şehzade Ahmed and Raziye Sultan.
Feb 20 Rodrigo de Quiroga a Spanish conquistador of Galician origin. He was twice the Royal Governor of Chile
Apr 1 Alonso Mudarra a Spanish composer and vihuelist of the Renaissance. He was an innovative composer of instrumental music as well as songs, and was the composer of the earliest surviving music for the guitar
Apr 24 Philippine Welser the morganatic wife of Ferdinand II, Archduke of Austria. She was granted the titles Baroness of Zinnenburg, Margravine of Burgau, Landgravine of Mellenburg and Countess of Oberhohenberg and Niederhohenberg
Apr 28 Şemsi Pasha a prominent Ottoman nobleman and statesman who occupied numerous high-ranking political posts, serving at different stages as the Ottoman governor of Damascus, Rûm, Sivas, Anatolia and Rumelia, and subsequently succeeding Sokollu Mehmet Pasha as grand vizier of the Ottoman Empire in 1579. Paternally, he was a direct descendant of Khalid ibn al-Walid, the celebrated commander whose armies conquered Syria at the time of Muhammad in the 7th century. His mother was the granddaughter of the Ottoman Sultan Suleiman I, Ayşe Hümaşah Sultan
May 31 Dorothea of Denmark Electress Palatine a Danish, Norwegian and Swedish princess and an electress of the Palatinate as the wife of Elector Frederick II of the Palatinate. She was a claimant to the Danish, Norwegian and Swedish thrones
Jun 10 Luís de Camões considered Portugal's and the Portuguese language's greatest poet. His mastery of verse has been compared to that of Shakespeare, Vondel, Homer, Virgil and Dante. He wrote a considerable amount of lyrical poetry and drama but is best remembered for his epic work Os Lusíadas. His collection of poetry The Parnasum of Luís de Camões was lost in his lifetime. The influence of his masterpiece Os Lusíadas is so profound that Portuguese is called the "language of Camões"
Aug 1 Albrecht Giese a councilman and diplomat of the city of Danzig.
Aug 1 Everard Mercurian Very Rev. Everard Mercurian, S.J. was the fourth Superior General of the Society of Jesus
Aug 7 Lala Kara Mustafa Pasha an Ottoman general and Grand Vizier from the Sanjak of Bosnia.
Aug 19 Andrea Palladio an Italian architect active in the Republic of Venice. Palladio, influenced by Roman and Greek architecture, primarily by Vitruvius, is widely considered the most influential individual in the history of Western architecture. All of his buildings are located in what was the Venetian Republic, but his teachings, summarized in the architectural treatise, The Four Books of Architecture, gained him wide recognition. The city of Vicenza and the Palladian Villas of the Veneto are UNESCO World Heritage Sites
Aug 20 Jerónimo Osório a Portuguese historian.
Aug 30 Emmanuel Philibert Duke of Savoy Duke of Savoy from 1553 to 1580.
Sep 19 Catherine Willoughby 12th Baroness Willoughby de Eresby an English noblewoman living at the royal courts of King Henry VIII, King Edward VI and later, Queen Elizabeth She was the fourth wife of Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk, who acted as her legal guardian during his third marriage to Mary Tudor, the younger sister of Henry VIII. Her second husband was Richard Bertie, a member of her household. Following Charles Brandon's death in 1545, it was rumoured that King Henry had considered marrying Catherine as his seventh wife, while he was still married to his sixth wife, Catherine Parr, who was Catherine's close friend
Sep 20 Honorat II of Savoy a marshal of France and admiral of France.
Oct 1 John II Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Haderslev the only Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Haderslev. The predicate the Elder is sometimes used to distinguish him from his nephew John the Younger, who held Sønderborg from 1564 as a partitioned-off duke. As a co-ruler in the duchies of Holstein and of Schleswig John the Elder is numbered Duke John II, continuing counting John of Denmark as Duke John I of Holstein and of Schleswig
Oct 26 Anna of Austria Queen of Spain Queen of Spain by virtue of her marriage to her uncle, King Philip II of Spain.
Nov 3 Jerónimo Zurita y Castro an Aragonese historian of the sixteenth century who founded the modern tradition of historical scholarship in Spain.
Nov 7 Gáspár Bekes a Hungarian nobleman who fought Stephen Báthory for the throne of Transylvania after the death of John II Sigismund Zápolya in 1571. Allied with Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor and the Székelys, Bekes organized two rebellions against Báthory, but was defeated. After Báthory became King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania in 1575, Bekes reconciled with Báthory, becoming his close adviser. Bekes also fought in the Danzig rebellion and the Livonian War
Nov 16 Marie of Baden-Sponheim a German noblewoman and duchess of Bavaria.
Nov 30 Richard Farrant an English composer. Like many composers of his day, the early years of Farrant's life are not well documented. The first acknowledgment of him is in a list of the Gentleman of the Chapel Royal in 1552. It is assumed from that list that his birth was around 1525. Although, that cannot be accurately determined. During his life he was able to establish himself as a successful composer, develop the English drama considerably, founded the first Blackfriars Theatre, and be the first to write verse-anthems. He married Anne Bower, daughter of Richard Bower who was Master of the Chapel Royal choristers at the time. With Anne he conceived ten children, one of whom was also named Richard
Dec 1 Giovanni Morone an Italian cardinal. He was named Bishop of Modena in 1529 and was created Cardinal in 1542 by Pope Paul III. As a cardinal, he resided in the Vatican's Apostolic Palace and was consulted by Saint Ignatius, founder of the Jesuits