1581 in history

1581 events chronologically

Jan 16 The English Parliament outlaws Roman Catholicism
Apr 4 Francis Drake is knighted for completing a circumnavigation of the world
Jul 26 Plakkaat van Verlatinghe (Act of Abjuration): the northern Low Countries declare their independence from the Spanish king, Philip II

Top 7 most famous people born in 1581

Jan 4 James Ussher Church of Ireland Archbishop of Armagh and Primate of All Ireland between 1625 and 1656. He was a prolific scholar, who most famously published a chronology that purported to establish the time and date of the creation as the night preceding Sunday, 23 October 4004 BC, according to the proleptic Julian calendar
Mar 16 Pieter Corneliszoon Hooft a Dutch historian, poet and playwright from the period known as the Dutch Golden Age.
Apr 24 Vincent de Paul a priest of the Catholic Church who dedicated himself to serving the poor. He is venerated as a saint in the Catholic Church and the Anglican Communion. He was canonized in 1737. De Paul was renowned for his compassion, humility, and generosity and is known as the "Great Apostle of Charity"
Jun 26 Peter Claver a Spanish Jesuit priest and missionary born in Verdú who, due to his life and work, became the patron saint of slaves, the Republic of Colombia and ministry to African Americans. During the 40 years of his ministry in Colombia it is estimated he personally baptized around 300,000 people. He is also patron saint for seafarers
Jul 18 Hendrik Brouwer a Dutch explorer, admiral, and colonial administrator both in Japan and the Dutch East Indies.
Oct 9 Claude Gaspard Bachet de Méziriac a French mathematician, linguist, poet and classics scholar born in Bourg-en-Bresse, at that time belonging to Duchy of Savoy.
Oct 21 Domenichino an Italian Baroque painter of the Bolognese School, or Carracci School, of painters.

Top 7 most famous people died in 1581

May 27 Christopher Báthory a voivode of Transylvania. He succeeded his brother Stephen Báthory. He was the father of Sigismund Báthory and Gryzelda Bathory
Jun 2 James Douglas 4th Earl of Morton the last of the four regents of Scotland during the minority of King James He was in some ways the most successful of the four, since he won the civil war that had been dragging on with the supporters of the exiled Mary, Queen of Scots. However, he came to an unfortunate end, executed by means of the Maiden, a primitive guillotine, which he himself was said to have introduced to Scotland
Sep 1 Guru Ram Das the fourth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and was given the title of Sikh Guru on 30 August 1574. He was Guru for seven years. Ram Das was born in Chuna Mandi Lahore, Punjab on 24 September 1534. His father was Hari Das and his mother Anup Devi. His wife was Bibi Bhani, the younger daughter of Guru Amar Das. They had three sons: Prithi Chand, Mahadev and Guru Arjan
Sep 6 Guillaume Postel a French linguist, astronomer, Cabbalist, diplomat, professor, and religious universalist.
Oct 9 Louis Bertrand (saint) known as the "apostle of the Americas". He is venerated as a saint by the Catholic Church
Nov 10 Bayinnaung king of Toungoo Dynasty of Burma from 1550 to 1581. During his 31-year reign, which has been called the "greatest explosion of human energy ever seen in Burma", Bayinnaung assembled the largest empire in the history of Southeast Asia, which included much of modern-day Burma, Chinese Shan states, Lan Na, Lan Xang, Manipur and Siam
Dec 1 Edmund Campion an English Roman Catholic Jesuit priest and martyr. While conducting an underground ministry in officially Anglican England, Campion was arrested by priest hunters. Convicted of high treason, he was hanged, drawn and quartered at Tyburn. Campion was beatified by Pope Leo XIII in 1886 and canonised in 1970 by Pope Paul VI as one of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales. His feast is celebrated on 1 December