1582 in history

1582 events chronologically

Jan 15 Russia cedes Livonia and Estonia to the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
Feb 24 Pope Gregory XIII announces the Gregorian calendar
Apr 16 Spanish conquistador Hernando de Lerma founds the settlement of Salta, Argentina
Jun 21 Sengoku jidai: Oda Nobunaga, the most powerful of the Japanese daimyo, was forced to commit suicide by his own general Akechi Mitsuhide
Jul 2 Battle of Yamazaki: Toyotomi Hideyoshi defeats Akechi Mitsuhide
Oct 4 Pope Gregory XIII implements the Gregorian calendar. In Italy, Poland, Portugal, and Spain, October 4 of this year is followed directly by October 15
Oct 5 Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain

Top 7 most famous people born in 1582

Jan 26 Giovanni Lanfranco an Italian painter of the Baroque period.
Jan 28 John Barclay (poet) a Scottish writer, satirist and neo-Latin poet.
Feb 6 Mario Bettinus an Italian Jesuit philosopher, mathematician and astronomer. The lunar crater Bettinus was named after him by Giovanni Riccioli in 1651. His Apiaria Universae Philosophiae Mathematicae is an encyclopedic collection of mathematical curiosities. This work had been reviewed by Christoph Grienberger
May 1 Marco da Gagliano an Italian composer of the early Baroque era. He was important in the early history of opera and the development of the solo and concerted madrigal
Aug 28 Taichang Emperor the fourteenth emperor of the Ming Dynasty. He was born Zhu Changluo , the eldest son of the Wanli Emperor and succeeded his father as emperor in 1620. However his reign came to an abrupt end less than one month after his coronation when he was found dead one morning in the palace following a bout of diarrhea. He was succeeded by his son Zhu Youxiao, who became the Tianqi Emperor. His era name means "Great goodness" or "Great prosperity"
Oct 17 Johann Gerhard a Lutheran church leader and Lutheran Scholastic theologian during the period of Orthodoxy.
Oct 19 Dmitry of Uglich a Russian tsarevich famously impersonated by a series of pretenders after the death of his father Ivan the Terrible.

Top 7 most famous people died in 1582

Apr 3 Takeda Katsuyori a Japanese daimyo of the Sengoku Period, who was famed as the head of the Takeda clan and the successor to the legendary warlord Takeda Shingen. He was the son of Shingen by the Suwa goryōnin , the daughter of Suwa Yorishige. Katsuyori's children included Takeda Nobukatsu and Katsuchika
Apr 21 Francisco de Toledo an aristocrat and military of the Kingdom of Spain, which was the fifth Viceroy of Peru.
Jun 21 Oda Nobunaga a powerful samurai daimyo and warlord of Japan in the late 16th century who initiated the unification of Japan near the end of the Warring States period. He lived a life of continuous military conquest, eventually conquering a third of Japan before his death in a 1582 coup. His successors were Toyotomi Hideyoshi, a loyal Oda supporter who would become the first man to unify all of Japan and was thus the first ruler of the whole country since the Ōnin War, and later Tokugawa Ieyasu, who would consolidate his rule under a shogunate, which ruled Japan until the Meiji Restoration in 1868
Jul 17 Akechi Mitsuhide a general who lived during the Sengoku period of Feudal Japan.
Sep 28 George Buchanan a Scottish historian and humanist scholar. Brown says that Buchanan was "the most profound intellectual sixteenth century Scotland produced." His ideology of resistance to royal usurpation gained widespread acceptance during the Scottish Reformation. Brown says the ease with which King James VII was deposed in 1689 shows the power of Buchananite ideas
Oct 4 Teresa of Ávila a prominent Spanish mystic, Roman Catholic saint, Carmelite nun, an author of the Counter Reformation and theologian of contemplative life through mental prayer. She was a reformer of the Carmelite Order and is considered to be a founder of the Discalced Carmelites along with John of the Cross
Dec 11 Fernando Álvarez de Toledo 3rd Duke of Alba a Spanish noble, general, and diplomat. He was titled the 3rd Duke of Alba de Tormes, 4th Marquis of Coria, 3rd Count of Salvatierra de Tormes, 2nd Count of Piedrahita, 8th Lord of Valdecorneja, Grandee of Spain, and a Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece. His motto in Latin was Deo patrum Nostrorum, which in English means "To the God of our fathers"