Born in 1582

Jan 7 Magdalene of Brandenburg the daughter of John George, Elector of Brandenburg and his third wife Elisabeth of Anhalt-Zerbst. She married Louis V, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Jan 26 Giovanni Lanfranco an Italian painter of the Baroque period.
Jan 28 John Barclay (poet) a Scottish writer, satirist and neo-Latin poet.
Feb 6 Mario Bettinus an Italian Jesuit philosopher, mathematician and astronomer. The lunar crater Bettinus was named after him by Giovanni Riccioli in 1651. His Apiaria Universae Philosophiae Mathematicae is an encyclopedic collection of mathematical curiosities. This work had been reviewed by Christoph Grienberger
May 1 Marco da Gagliano an Italian composer of the early Baroque era. He was important in the early history of opera and the development of the solo and concerted madrigal
Jun 26 Johannes Schultz (composer) a German composer.
Jun 28 William Fiennes 1st Viscount Saye and Sele an English nobleman and politician, known also for his involvement in several companies for setting up overseas colonies.
Aug 28 Taichang Emperor the fourteenth emperor of the Ming Dynasty. He was born Zhu Changluo , the eldest son of the Wanli Emperor and succeeded his father as emperor in 1620. However his reign came to an abrupt end less than one month after his coronation when he was found dead one morning in the palace following a bout of diarrhea. He was succeeded by his son Zhu Youxiao, who became the Tianqi Emperor. His era name means "Great goodness" or "Great prosperity"
Sep 28 Iancu Sasul the bastard son of Petru Rareş from his relationship with the wife of Braşov Transylvanian Saxon Iorg Weiss, and Prince of Moldavia between November 1579 and September 1582.
Oct 12 Francesco Piccolomini (Jesuit) Very Rev. Francesco Piccolomini, S.J. was an Italian Jesuit, elected the 8th Superior-General of the Society of Jesus
Oct 17 Johann Gerhard a Lutheran church leader and Lutheran Scholastic theologian during the period of Orthodoxy.
Oct 19 Dmitry of Uglich a Russian tsarevich famously impersonated by a series of pretenders after the death of his father Ivan the Terrible.
Nov 27 Pierre Dupuy (scholar) a French scholar, the son of the humanist and bibliophile Claude Dupuy.
Dec 23 Severo Bonini an Italian composer, organist and writer on music.