Died in 1582

Jan 26 Thomas Platter a Swiss humanist scholar and writer.
Apr 2 John Payne (martyr) an English Catholic priest and martyr, one of the Catholic Forty Martyrs of England and Wales.
Apr 3 Takeda Katsuyori a Japanese daimyo of the Sengoku Period, who was famed as the head of the Takeda clan and the successor to the legendary warlord Takeda Shingen. He was the son of Shingen by the Suwa goryōnin , the daughter of Suwa Yorishige. Katsuyori's children included Takeda Nobukatsu and Katsuchika
Apr 9 Richard Bertie (courtier) an English landowner and religious evangelical. He was the second husband of Catherine Willoughby, 12th Baroness Willoughby de Eresby, Duchess Dowager of Suffolk and a woman whom Henry VIII was considering as his seventh wife shortly before his death; she also received a proposal from the King of Poland
Apr 21 Francisco de Toledo an aristocrat and military of the Kingdom of Spain, which was the fifth Viceroy of Peru.
May 5 Charlotte of Bourbon the fourth daughter of Louis, Duke of Montpensier and Jacqueline de Longwy, Countess of Bar-sur-Seine. She was the third wife of William the Silent, Prince of Orange, the main leader of the Dutch revolt against the Spanish
Jun 21 Oda Nobutada the eldest son of Oda Nobunaga, and a samurai who fought in many battles during the Sengoku period. He commanded armies under his father in battles against Matsunaga Hisahide and against the Takeda clan
Jun 21 Oda Nobunaga a powerful samurai daimyo and warlord of Japan in the late 16th century who initiated the unification of Japan near the end of the Warring States period. He lived a life of continuous military conquest, eventually conquering a third of Japan before his death in a 1582 coup. His successors were Toyotomi Hideyoshi, a loyal Oda supporter who would become the first man to unify all of Japan and was thus the first ruler of the whole country since the Ōnin War, and later Tokugawa Ieyasu, who would consolidate his rule under a shogunate, which ruled Japan until the Meiji Restoration in 1868
Jun 21 Oda Katsunaga a Japanese samurai of the Sengoku period through early Azuchi-Momoyama Period, who was the fifth son of Oda Nobunaga. At a very young age, Katsunaga, then known as "Gobomaru", was given in adoption to Toyama Kagetou and his wife, Lady Otsuya at Iwamura Castle. Lady Otsuya was Oda Nobunaga's aunt. In 1572, the castle was captured by Takeda forces under Akiyama Nobutomo, and Gobomaru, then only four, became a hostage to the Takeda. Takeda Katsuyori returned Gobomaru to the Oda clan in 1581, where he was allowed the delegated hold over Iwamura castle. One year later, Katsunaga accompanied his father to Honnō-ji. When Akechi Mitsuhide attacked Honnoji and killed Nobunaga, Katsunaga was killed while defending the Nijō Palace
Jun 23 Shimizu Muneharu a military commander during the Sengoku period. He served the Mōri clan as a retainer to Kobayakawa Takakage and took part in the expedition to unify the Chūgoku region. He was lord of Shimizu castle at Bitchu Province, and became the lord of the Bitchu Takamatsu Castle after he captured it in 1565. His father was Shimizu Munenori
Jul 3 James Crichton a Scottish polymath noted for his extraordinary accomplishments in languages, the arts, and sciences before he was killed at the age of 21.
Jul 17 Akechi Mitsuhide a general who lived during the Sengoku period of Feudal Japan.
Sep 23 Louis Duke of Montpensier the second Duke of Montpensier. He was the great great grandfather of la Grande Mademoiselle
Sep 28 George Buchanan a Scottish historian and humanist scholar. Brown says that Buchanan was "the most profound intellectual sixteenth century Scotland produced." His ideology of resistance to royal usurpation gained widespread acceptance during the Scottish Reformation. Brown says the ease with which King James VII was deposed in 1689 shows the power of Buchananite ideas
Oct 4 Teresa of Ávila a prominent Spanish mystic, Roman Catholic saint, Carmelite nun, an author of the Counter Reformation and theologian of contemplative life through mental prayer. She was a reformer of the Carmelite Order and is considered to be a founder of the Discalced Carmelites along with John of the Cross
Oct 28 Vincenzo Giustiniani (Dominican) an Italian-Greek Dominican friar of Genoese heritage.
Dec 11 Fernando Álvarez de Toledo 3rd Duke of Alba a Spanish noble, general, and diplomat. He was titled the 3rd Duke of Alba de Tormes, 4th Marquis of Coria, 3rd Count of Salvatierra de Tormes, 2nd Count of Piedrahita, 8th Lord of Valdecorneja, Grandee of Spain, and a Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece. His motto in Latin was Deo patrum Nostrorum, which in English means "To the God of our fathers"