1583 in history

1583 events chronologically

Aug 5 Sir Humphrey Gilbert establishes the first English colony in North America, at what is now St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador
Dec 17 Cologne War: Forces under Ernest of Bavaria defeat troops under Gebhard Truchsess von Waldburg at the Siege of Godesberg

Top 7 most famous people born in 1583

Mar 3 Edward Herbert 1st Baron Herbert of Cherbury an Anglo-Welsh soldier, diplomat, historian, poet and religious philosopher of the Kingdom of England.
Apr 10 Hugo Grotius a jurist in the Dutch Republic. With Francisco de Vitoria and Alberico Gentili he laid the foundations for international law, based on natural law. He was also a philosopher, theologian, Christian apologist, playwright, historiographer, poet, statesman and diplomat
Jun 16 Axel Oxenstierna a Swedish statesman. He became a member of the Swedish Privy Council in 1609 and served as Lord High Chancellor of Sweden from 1612 until his death. He was a confidant of first Gustavus Adolphus and then Queen Christina
Jun 20 Jacob De la Gardie a statesman and a soldier of the Swedish Empire.
Aug 21 Denis Pétau a French Jesuit theologian.
Sep 24 Albrecht von Wallenstein a Bohemian military leader and politician, who offered his services, and an army of 30,000 to 100,000 men during the Thirty Years' War , to the Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand He became the supreme commander of the armies of the Habsburg Monarchy and a major figure of the Thirty Years' War.
Dec 25 Orlando Gibbons an English composer, virginalist and organist of the late Tudor and early Jacobean periods. He was a leading composer in the England of his day

Top 7 most famous people died in 1583

Mar 28 Magnus Duke of Holstein a Prince of Denmark and a member of the House of Oldenburg. As a vassal of Ivan IV of Russia, he was the titular King of Livonia from 1570 to 1578
Jul 6 Edmund Grindal an English Protestant leader who successively held the posts of Bishop of London, Archbishop of York and Archbishop of Canterbury during the reign of Elizabeth I of England.
Jul 8 Fernão Mendes Pinto a Portuguese explorer and writer. His voyages are recorded in Pilgrimage , his autobiographical memoir. The historical accuracy of the work is debatable due to the many events which seem far fetched or at least exaggerated. Some aspects of the work can be verified, particularly through Pinto's service to the Portuguese Crown and by his association with Jesuit missionaries
Sep 9 Humphrey Gilbert a half-brother of Sir Walter Raleigh and cousin of Sir Richard Grenville. Adventurer, explorer, member of parliament, and soldier, he served during the reign of Queen Elizabeth and was a pioneer of the English colonial empire in North America and the Plantations of Ireland
Sep 16 Catherine Jagiellon the wife of John III of Sweden. As such, she was Duchess of Finland , Queen of Sweden and Grand Princess of Finland. Catherine had significant influence over state affairs during the reign of her husband, and negotiated with the pope to introduce a counter reformation in Sweden
Dec 7 Nurbanu Sultan the favourite consort and later wife of Sultan Selim II of the Ottoman Empire, mother of Sultan Murad III, and de facto co-ruler as the Valide Sultan for nine years from 1574 until 1583. She was either a Venetian of noble birth or a Spanish Jew. Her birth name may have been Rachel Olivia de Nasi. or Cecilia Venier-Baffo
Dec 31 Thomas Erastus a Swiss physician and theologian best known for a posthumously published work in which he argued that the sins of Christians should be punished by the state, and not by the church withholding the sacraments. A generalization of this idea, that the state is supreme in church matters, is known somewhat misleadingly as Erastianism