1584 in history

1584 events chronologically

Mar 25 Sir Walter Raleigh is granted a patent to colonize Virginia
May 16 Santiago de Vera becomes sixth Governor-General of the Spanish colony of the Philippines
Jul 10 William I of Orange is assassinated in his home in Delft, Holland, by Balthasar Gérard
Sep 13 San Lorenzo del Escorial Palace in Madrid is finished

Top 7 most famous people born in 1584

Jan 29 Frederick Henry Prince of Orange the sovereign Prince of Orange and stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Guelders, and Overijssel from 1625 to 1647.
Feb 12 Caspar Barlaeus a Dutch polymath and Renaissance humanist, a theologian, poet, and historian.
Mar 22 Grégoire de Saint-Vincent a Flemish Jesuit and mathematician.
Jun 6 Yuan Chonghuan a famed patriot and military commander of the Ming Dynasty who battled the Manchus in Liaoning. Of Cantonese origin, Yuan Chonghuan was known to have excelled in artillery warfare and successfully incorporated Western tactics with those of the East. Yuan's military career reached its height when he defeated Nurhaci and the Manchu army in the first Battle of Ningyuan. Later, Yuan also managed to defeat Nurhaci's son and successor, Huang Taiji, and his 200,000 mostly Mongol soldiers. However, Yuan was eventually tortured and executed by the Chongzhen Emperor under false charges which Huang Taiji was believed to have deliberately planted against him
Nov 10 Catherine of Sweden Countess Palatine of Kleeburg a Swedish princess and a Countess Palatine of Zweibrücken as the consort of her second cousin John Casimir of Palatinate-Zweibrücken. She is known as the periodical foster-mother of Queen Christina of Sweden
Dec 16 John Selden an English jurist and a scholar of England's ancient laws and constitution and scholar of Jewish law. He was known as a polymath showing true intellectual depth and breadth; John Milton hailed Selden in 1644 as "the chief of learned men reputed in this land."
Dec 25 Margaret of Austria Queen of Spain Queen consort of Spain and Portugal by her marriage to King Philip III.

Top 7 most famous people died in 1584

Mar 28 Ivan the Terrible the Grand Prince of Moscow from 1533 to 1547 and Tsar of All the Russias from 1547 until his death. His long reign saw the conquest of the Khanates of Kazan, Astrakhan, and Siberia, transforming Russia into a multiethnic and multiconfessional state spanning almost one billion acres, approximately 4,046,856 km2. Ivan managed countless changes in the progression from a medieval state to an empire and emerging regional power, and became the first ruler to be crowned as Tsar of All the Russians
Jun 10 Francis Duke of Anjou the youngest son of Henry II of France and Catherine de' Medici.
Jul 10 William the Silent the main leader of the Dutch revolt against the Spanish Habsburgs that set off the Eighty Years' War and resulted in the formal independence of the United Provinces in 1648. He was born in the House of Nassau as Count of Nassau-Dillenburg. He became Prince of Orange in 1544 and is thereby the founder of the branch House of Orange-Nassau and the ancestor of the monarchy of the Netherlands
Jul 14 Balthasar Gérard the assassin of the Dutch independence leader, William I of Orange. He killed William I in Delft on 10 July 1584, by shooting him twice with a pistol, and was afterwards tried, convicted, and gruesomely executed
Jul 23 John Day (printer) an English Protestant printer. He specialised in printing and distributing Protestant literature and pamphlets, and produced many small-format religious books, such as ABCs, sermons, and translations of psalms. He found fame, however, as the publisher of John Foxe's Actes and Monuments, also known as the Book of Martyrs, the largest and most technologically accomplished book printed in sixteenth-century England
Aug 22 Jan Kochanowski a Polish Renaissance poet who established poetic patterns that would become integral to the Polish literary language.
Nov 3 Charles Borromeo the cardinal archbishop of Milan from 1564 to 1584. Among the great reformers of the troubled sixteenth century, Borromeo, with Ignatius of Loyola, Philip Neri, and others, led the movement to combat the inroads of the Protestant Reformation. He was a leading figure during the Counter-Reformation and was responsible for significant reforms in the Catholic Church, including the founding of seminaries for the education of priests. He is honoured as a saint in the Catholic Church and his feast day is 4 November